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Singapore projekt: International study on non-cognitive skills and mathematics: invitation for Danish participation

Project: Research

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Large-scale international studies such as TIMSS and PISA have provided a wealth of information about country-level differences in cognitive outcomes from school, and to a lesser extent, non-cognitive outcomes.  Lee's (2009) analysis of PISA 2003 non-cognitive data highlighted differences between Confucian-heritage East Asians and Europeans on maths anxiety, self-concept, and self-efficacy. These two regions dominate the PISA top 10 on mathematics achievement, however Europeans and East Asians tend to lie at opposite ends of the table on non-cognitive variables: East Asians are more anxious, less confident, and have a lower self-concept than their European counterparts of similar ability; and frequently also than of students from other countries with much lower mathematics performance.  This has typically been explained as being due to cultural differences in response styles or a little-fish big-pond effect; however, these explanations do not account for reports that East Asian students may feel extremely anxious about their studies due to a tremendous cultural and familial pressure to achieve academically. We aim to empirically unravel these differences by expanding measurement of the non-cognitive realm, collecting data in Singapore plus three European and three Confucian-heritage East Asian countries.  We examine differences in the use of confidence ratings to self-rate mathematics achievement; replicate and extend the PISA non-cognitive measures outlined above; and measure personality, general anxiety, modesty, parental style, attributions for success, social attitudes, values, and pressure to achieve.
Effective start/end date01/04/201031/12/2011

    Research areas

  • Internationale komparative undersøgelser, Matematik-didaktik

ID: 128879766