Vladimir Matchkov

Interaction between Na+/K+-pump and Na+/Ca2+-exchanger modulates intercellular communication.

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  • Vladimir Matchkov
  • Helena Gustafsson, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Awahan Rahman, Denmark
  • Donna Marie Briggs Bødtkjer
  • Sarah Gorintin, the Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire du Développement, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
  • Anne Kirstine Hansen, Institute of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Elena V. Bouzinova, Denmark
  • Helle Prætorius
  • Christian Aalkjær
  • Holger Nilsson, Denmark
  • Danish Biomembrane Research Centre
  • Department of Physiology and Biophysics

Ouabain, a specific inhibitor of the Na(+)/K(+)-pump, has previously been shown to interfere with intercellular communication. Here we test the hypothesis that the communication between vascular smooth muscle cells is regulated through an interaction between the Na(+)/K(+)-pump and the Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchanger leading to an increase in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in discrete areas near the plasma membrane. [Ca(2+)](i) in smooth muscle cells was imaged in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cell pairs (A7r5) and in rat mesenteric small artery segments simultaneously with force. In A7r5 coupling between cells was estimated by measuring membrane capacitance. Smooth muscle cells were uncoupled when the Na(+)/K(+)-pump was inhibited either by a low concentration of ouabain, which also caused a localized increase of [Ca(2+)](i) near the membrane, or by ATP depletion. Reduction of Na(+)/K(+)-pump activity by removal of extracellular potassium ([K(+)](o)) also uncoupled cells, but only after inhibition of K(ATP) channels. Inhibition of the Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchange activity by SEA0400 or by a reduction of the equilibrium potential (making it more negative) also uncoupled the cells. Depletion of intracellular Na(+) and clamping of [Ca(2+)](i) at low concentrations prevented the uncoupling. The experiments suggest that the Na(+)/K(+)-pump may affect gap junction conductivity via localized changes in [Ca(2+)](i) through modulation of Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchanger activity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation Research
Pages (from-to)1026-1035
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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