Tua Gyldenholm

Plasma neurofilament light chain is associated with mortality after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage

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Neurofilament light chain (NfL) is a neuron-specific biomarker with prognostic ability in several types of central nervous system injuries. This study investigates if plasma NfL (pNfL) is elevated early after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and whether such elevation reflects disease severity and day-30 outcome. pNfL was quantified by single molecule array analysis in 103 reference subjects (RS) and in samples from 37 patients with ICH obtained on admission to hospital and at 24-h follow-up. The primary outcome was day-30 mortality. Clinical status on admission was evaluated by standardized scoring systems. Median pNfL among RS was 9.6 (interquartile range [IQR] 6.2) pg/mL. Upon admission, ICH patients had pNfL of 19.8 (IQR 30.7) pg/mL increasing to 35.9 (IQR 44.5) pg/mL at 24 h (all, p < 0.001). On admission, pNfL was higher among ICH non-survivors than survivors (119.2 [IQR 152.6] pg/mL vs. 15.7 [IQR 19.6] pg/mL, p < 0.01) and this difference was observed also on 24 h follow-up (195.1 [IQR 73.9] pg/mL vs. 31.3 [IQR 27.8] pg/mL, p < 0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC AUC) for discrimination of day-30 mortality was significant on admission (AUC = 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.56-1.0) and increased on 24-h follow-up (AUC = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.84-1.0). The odds ratio (OR) for death, by each quartile increase in pNfL was significant both on admission (OR = 4.52, 95% CI: 1.32-15.48) and after 24-h follow-up (OR = 9.52, 95% CI: 1.26-71.74). PNfL is associated with day-30 mortality after spontaneous ICH when early after the ictus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • biomarkers, cerebral hemorrhage, neurofilament proteins, prognosis

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