Tua Gyldenholm

Changes in the Lectin Pathway Following Intracerebral or Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

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Previous research indicates that the complement system is activated after occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The role of the lectin pathway (LP) of the complement system in this activation has only scarcely been investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the plasma concentration of the LP proteins in patients with ICH or SAH at admission compared to healthy individuals. Secondly, ICH and SAH patients were followed during the initial 24 h of disease, to investigate changes in LP protein concentrations during the critical acute phase. This prospective, observational study included 30 ICH and 33 SAH patients. EDTA plasma samples were collected at admission, 6 and 24 h after symptom onset. Time-resolved immuno-flourometric assays (TRIFMA) were used to measure all proteins of the LP in patient samples and in samples from age- and gender-matched healthy individuals. Compared to healthy individuals, ICH and SAH patients had increased levels of H-ficolin (p = 0.04, p = 0.03), M-ficolin (both p < 0.0001), and MAp44 (both p = 0.01) at admission. M-ficolin, H-ficolin, CL-L1, MASP-1, MASP-3, and MAp44 decreased significantly in both ICH and SAH patients during the initial 24 h after symptom onset. In conclusion, we observed significant differences in lectin pathway protein concentrations between patients with ICH or SAH and healthy individuals. Significant dynamics in lectin pathway protein levels were demonstrated during the initial 24 h after symptom onset. This indicates a potential role of the LP proteins during the acute phase of SAH and ICH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
Pages (from-to)78-87
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

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