Torben Laursen

Growth hormone dose regimens in adult GH deficiency: effects on biochemical growth markers and metabolic parameters.

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of different doses of GH on insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), body composition, energy expenditure, and various metabolites in GH deficient adults, in order to approach a metabolically appropriate GH dosage in young GH deficient adults. DESIGN: Ten GH deficient patients (age 21-43) were studied after 4 weeks without GH followed by three consecutive 4-week periods, where the patients received in a fixed order GH 1, 2 and 4 IU/m2 s.c. per day. At the end of each period the patients were hospitalized for a 24-hour examination. RESULTS: Mean 24-hour levels of GH (mIU/l) were 2.7 +/- 0.3 (0 GH), 7.2 +/- 0.9 (1), 10.8 +/- 1.5 (2) and 18.9 +/- 2.7 (4 IU/m2) (mean +/- SEM) (P < 0.01). Likewise, IGF-I levels increased dose dependently from 61 +/- 21 to 206 +/- 65, 260 +/- 70 and 468 +/- 171 micrograms/l (P < 0.05); serum IGF-I in an age and sex matched control group was 248 +/- 25 micrograms/l. Corresponding serum IGFBP-3 levels also increased from 1860 +/- 239 to 3261 +/- 379, 3762 +/- 434 and 4384 +/- 652 micrograms/l (P = 0.01) respectively. Significant increases in diurnal serum insulin levels after 4 IU/m2 were recorded, whereas plasma glucose levels remained unchanged. Lipid intermediates increased dose independently during GH administration. GH caused a significant increase in resting energy expenditure, whereas the respiratory exchange ratio was unaltered. Fat mass was increased without GH therapy and decreased during the study. Four patients made complaints during 4 IU/m2 GH administration, probably related to GH induced fluid retention. CONCLUSION: Based primarily on IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels our data suggest that a GH replacement dose in young GH deficient adults in the order of 1-2 IU/m2 per day is adequate. This is a relatively low dose as compared to dose regimens in children and adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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