Torben Laursen

Effects of octreotide on insulin-like growth factor I and metabolic indices in growth hormone-treated growth hormone-deficient patients.

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Animals studies have demonstrated that in addition to inhibiting growth hormone (GH) secretion octreotide inhibits in a direct manner hepatic or peripheral insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) generation. To test this hypothesis in humans we studied ten GH-deficient patients with frequent blood sampling during 38 h on two occasions. Regular GH therapy was discontinued 72 h prior to each study period. At the start of each study a subcutaneous (sc) injection of GH (3 IU/m2) was given (at 18.00 h). In a single-blinded crossover design, patients received a continuous sc infusion of either octreotide (200 micrograms/24 h) or placebo (saline). The pharmacokinetics of GH were similar on the two occasions. The area under the curve +/- SEM of serum GH was 142.5 +/- 53.6 micrograms.l-1 x h-1 (octreotide) and 144.8 +/- 41.8 micrograms.l-1 x h-1 (placebo), (p = 0.73); Cmax (microgram/l) was 12.5 +/- 1.47 (octreotide) and 12.8 +/- 1.42 (placebo) (p = 0.83), and Tmax (h) was 6.1 +/- 0.97 (octreotide) and 5.2 +/- 0.65 (placebo) (p = 0.49). Growth hormone administration was associated with an increase in serum IGF-I (microgram/l), which was identical during the two studies, from 85.3 +/- 19.4 to 174.25 +/- 30.3 for octreotide and from 97.0 +/- 26.4 to 158.8 +/- 28.2 for placebo. Mean IGF-I levels (microgram/l) were 138.2 +/- 25.1 (octreotide) and 134.5 +/- 28.6 (placebo) (p = 0.78). Similarly, the increase in IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) levels was identical. Mean IGFBP-3 levels (microgram/l) were 2303 +/- 323 (octreotide) and 2200 +/- 361 (placebo) (p = 0.25).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Endocrinologica
Pages (from-to)399-408
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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