Tomonori Takeuchi

Roles of the glutamate receptor ε2 and δ2 subunits in the potentiation and prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle reflex

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Tomonori Takeuchi
  • Yuji Kiyama
  • ,
  • Kazuhiro Nakamura
  • ,
  • Mika Tsujita
  • ,
  • Ikuo Matsuda
  • ,
  • Hisashi Mori
  • ,
  • Yumi Munemoto
  • ,
  • Hiromichi Kuriyama
  • ,
  • Rie Natsume
  • ,
  • Kenji Sakimura
  • ,
  • Masayoshi Mishina
Abstract We examined the regulation of the acoustic startle response in mutant mice of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)- and δ-subtypes of the glutamate receptor (GluR) channel, which play important roles in neural plasticity in the forebrain and the cerebellum, respectively. Heterozygous mutant mice with reduced GluRε2 subunits of the NMDA receptor showed strongly enhanced startle responses to acoustic stimuli. On the other hand, heterozygous and homozygous mutation of the other NMDA receptor GluRε subunits exerted no, or only small effects on acoustic startle responses. The threshold of the auditory brainstem response of the GluRε2-mutant mice was comparable to that of the wild-type littermates. The primary circuit of the acoustic startle response is a relatively simple oligosynaptic pathway located in the lower brainstem, whilst the expression of GluRε2 is restricted to the forebrain. We thus suggest that the NMDA receptor GluRε2 subunit plays a role in the regulation of the startle reflex. Ablation of the cerebellar Purkinje cell-specific δ2 subunit of the GluR channel exerted little effect on the acoustic startle response but resulted in the enhancement of prepulse inhibition of the reflex. Because inhibition of the acoustic startle response by a weak prepulse is a measure of sensorimotor gating, the process by which an organism filters sensory information, these observations indicate the involvement of the cerebellum in the modulation of sensorimotor gating.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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