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Thomas Pohl

Rydberg-Induced Solitons: Three-Dimensional Self-Trapping of Matter Waves

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  • F. Maucher, Max Planck Inst Astron, Max Planck Society
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  • N. Henkel, Max Planck Inst Astron, Max Planck Society
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  • Mark Saffman, Univ Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin Madison, University of Wisconsin System, Dept Phys
  • ,
  • W. Krolikowski, RSSS, Australian National University
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  • S. Skupin, Friedrich Schiller University Jena
  • ,
  • T. Pohl

We propose a scheme for the creation of stable three-dimensional bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates, i.e., the matter-wave analog of so-called spatiotemporal "light bullets.'' Off-resonant dressing to Rydberg nD states is shown to provide nonlocal attractive interactions, leading to self-trapping of mesoscopic atomic clouds by a collective excitation of a Rydberg atom pair. We present detailed potential calculations and demonstrate the existence of stable solitons under realistic experimental conditions by means of numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number170401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

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