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Thomas Pohl

Bipolarons in a Bose-Einstein Condensate

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Mobile impurities in a Bose-Einstein condensate form quasiparticles called polarons. Here, we show that two such polarons can bind to form a bound bipolaron state. Its emergence is caused by an induced nonlocal interaction mediated by density oscillations in the condensate, and we derive using field theory an effective Schrödinger equation describing this for an arbitrarily strong impurity-boson interaction. We furthermore compare with quantum Monte Carlo simulations finding remarkable agreement, which underlines the predictive power of the developed theory. It is found that bipolaron formation typically requires strong impurity interactions beyond the validity of more commonly used weak-coupling approaches that lead to local Yukawa-type interactions. We predict that the bipolarons are observable in present experiments, and we describe a procedure to probe their properties.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume121
Issue1
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2018

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