Thomas Damgaard Sandahl

The soluble mannose receptor (sMR) is elevated in alcoholic liver disease and associated with disease severity, portal hypertension, and mortality in cirrhosis patients

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The soluble mannose receptor (sMR) is elevated in alcoholic liver disease and associated with disease severity, portal hypertension, and mortality in cirrhosis patients. / Sandahl, Thomas Damgaard; Støy, Sidsel Hyldgaard; Laursen, Tea Lund; Rødgaard-Hansen, Sidsel; Møller, Holger Jon; Møller, Søren; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Grønbæk, Henning.

In: P L o S One, Vol. 12, No. 12, e0189345, 12.2017, p. 1-14.

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@article{8d877929be164d92a536a7ad8d2447df,
title = "The soluble mannose receptor (sMR) is elevated in alcoholic liver disease and associated with disease severity, portal hypertension, and mortality in cirrhosis patients",
abstract = "Background and aims Hepatic macrophages (Kupffer cells) are involved in the immunopathology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The mannose receptor (MR, CD206), expressed primarily by macrophages, mediates endocytosis, antigen presentation and T-cell activation. A soluble form, sMR, has recently been identified in humans. We aimed to study plasma sMR levels and its correlation with disease severity and survival in ALD patients. Methods We included 50 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH), 68 alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) patients (Child-Pugh A (23), B (24), C (21)), and 21 healthy controls (HC). Liver status was described by the Glasgow Alcoholic Hepatitis Score (GAHS), Child-Pugh (CP) and MELD-scores, and in AC patients the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) was measured by liver vein catheterisation. We used Kaplan-Meier statistics for short-term survival (84-days) in AH patients and long-term (4 years) in AC patients. We measured plasma sMR by ELISA. Results Median sMR concentrations were significantly elevated in AH 1.32(IQR:0.69) and AC 0.46 (0.5) compared to HC 0.2(0.06) mg/L; p<0.001 and increased in a stepwise manner with the CP-score (p<0.001). In AC sMR predicted portal hypertension (HVPG ≥10 mmHg) with an area under the Receiver Operator Characteristics curve of 0.86 and a high sMR cut-off (>0.43 mg/l) was associated with increased mortality (p = 0.005). Conclusion The soluble mannose receptor is elevated in alcoholic liver disease, especially in patients with AH. Its blood level predicts portal hypertension and long-term mortality in AC patients.",
author = "Sandahl, {Thomas Damgaard} and St{\o}y, {Sidsel Hyldgaard} and Laursen, {Tea Lund} and Sidsel R{\o}dgaard-Hansen and M{\o}ller, {Holger Jon} and S{\o}ren M{\o}ller and Hendrik Vilstrup and Henning Gr{\o}nb{\ae}k",
year = "2017",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0189345",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "public library of science",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The soluble mannose receptor (sMR) is elevated in alcoholic liver disease and associated with disease severity, portal hypertension, and mortality in cirrhosis patients

AU - Sandahl, Thomas Damgaard

AU - Støy, Sidsel Hyldgaard

AU - Laursen, Tea Lund

AU - Rødgaard-Hansen, Sidsel

AU - Møller, Holger Jon

AU - Møller, Søren

AU - Vilstrup, Hendrik

AU - Grønbæk, Henning

PY - 2017/12

Y1 - 2017/12

N2 - Background and aims Hepatic macrophages (Kupffer cells) are involved in the immunopathology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The mannose receptor (MR, CD206), expressed primarily by macrophages, mediates endocytosis, antigen presentation and T-cell activation. A soluble form, sMR, has recently been identified in humans. We aimed to study plasma sMR levels and its correlation with disease severity and survival in ALD patients. Methods We included 50 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH), 68 alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) patients (Child-Pugh A (23), B (24), C (21)), and 21 healthy controls (HC). Liver status was described by the Glasgow Alcoholic Hepatitis Score (GAHS), Child-Pugh (CP) and MELD-scores, and in AC patients the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) was measured by liver vein catheterisation. We used Kaplan-Meier statistics for short-term survival (84-days) in AH patients and long-term (4 years) in AC patients. We measured plasma sMR by ELISA. Results Median sMR concentrations were significantly elevated in AH 1.32(IQR:0.69) and AC 0.46 (0.5) compared to HC 0.2(0.06) mg/L; p<0.001 and increased in a stepwise manner with the CP-score (p<0.001). In AC sMR predicted portal hypertension (HVPG ≥10 mmHg) with an area under the Receiver Operator Characteristics curve of 0.86 and a high sMR cut-off (>0.43 mg/l) was associated with increased mortality (p = 0.005). Conclusion The soluble mannose receptor is elevated in alcoholic liver disease, especially in patients with AH. Its blood level predicts portal hypertension and long-term mortality in AC patients.

AB - Background and aims Hepatic macrophages (Kupffer cells) are involved in the immunopathology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The mannose receptor (MR, CD206), expressed primarily by macrophages, mediates endocytosis, antigen presentation and T-cell activation. A soluble form, sMR, has recently been identified in humans. We aimed to study plasma sMR levels and its correlation with disease severity and survival in ALD patients. Methods We included 50 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH), 68 alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) patients (Child-Pugh A (23), B (24), C (21)), and 21 healthy controls (HC). Liver status was described by the Glasgow Alcoholic Hepatitis Score (GAHS), Child-Pugh (CP) and MELD-scores, and in AC patients the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) was measured by liver vein catheterisation. We used Kaplan-Meier statistics for short-term survival (84-days) in AH patients and long-term (4 years) in AC patients. We measured plasma sMR by ELISA. Results Median sMR concentrations were significantly elevated in AH 1.32(IQR:0.69) and AC 0.46 (0.5) compared to HC 0.2(0.06) mg/L; p<0.001 and increased in a stepwise manner with the CP-score (p<0.001). In AC sMR predicted portal hypertension (HVPG ≥10 mmHg) with an area under the Receiver Operator Characteristics curve of 0.86 and a high sMR cut-off (>0.43 mg/l) was associated with increased mortality (p = 0.005). Conclusion The soluble mannose receptor is elevated in alcoholic liver disease, especially in patients with AH. Its blood level predicts portal hypertension and long-term mortality in AC patients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038246929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0189345

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0189345

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29236785

AN - SCOPUS:85038246929

VL - 12

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12

M1 - e0189345

ER -