Department of Business Development and Technology

Sofoklis Kyriazakos

Rehabilitation, the Great Absentee of Virtual Coaching in Medical Care: Scoping Review

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

DOI

  • Peppino Tropea, Dept. of Neurorehabilitation Sciences, Casa Cura Policlinico, Milano, Italy
  • ,
  • Hannes Schlieter, Faculty of Business and Economics, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany, Germany
  • Irma Sterpi, Dept. of Neurorehabilitation Sciences, Casa Cura Policlinico, Milano, Italy, Italy
  • Elda Judica, Dept. of Neurorehabilitation Sciences, Casa Cura Policlinico, Milano, Italy
  • ,
  • Kai Gand, Faculty of Business and Economics, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
  • ,
  • Massimo Caprino, Dept. of Neurorehabilitation Sciences, Casa Cura Policlinico, Milano, Italy
  • ,
  • Inigo Gabilondo, Hospital Universitario de Cruces, Baracaldo, Spain., Ikerbasque, the Basque Foundation for Science, Spain
  • Juan Carlos Gomez Esteban, Cruces University Hospital, Spain
  • Stefan Busnatu, Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie'carol Davila' din Bucuresti, Romania, Romania
  • Crina Sinescu, Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie'carol Davila' din Bucuresti, Romania, Romania
  • Sofoklis Kyriazakos
  • Sadia Anwar
  • ,
  • Massimo Corbo, Dept. of Neurorehabilitation Sciences, Casa Cura Policlinico, Milano, Italy
Background:
In the last years, several studies have been focused on describe and understanding how Virtual Coaches could be key drivers for health promotion in home care settings. As there is enormous technological progress in the field of artificial intelligence and data processing in the past decade, the use of virtual coaches gains an augmented attention in the considerations of medical innovations.

Objective:
The present scoping review aims at providing an overview on the applications of virtual coach in clinical field. In particular, the review is focused on the papers that provide tangible information for coaching activities with active implication to engage and guide patients who have an ongoing plan of care.

Methods:
We aimed to investigate the use of the term “virtual coach” in the clinical field performing a systematical review of the relevant literature indexing on PubMed and Scopus databases in order to find VC papers focused on specific activities dealing with clinical or medical contexts, excluding those aimed to surgical settings or e-learning purposes.

Results:
After a careful revision of inclusion/exclusion criteria, 29 records were selected to undergo the full-text review. Most of the identified articles directly or indirectly addressed the topic of physical activity. Some papers were focused on the use of VC to manage overweight or nutritional issues. Other papers dealt with technological interfaces to facilitate interactions with patients suffering different chronic clinical conditions such as heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression and chronic pain.

Conclusions:
Although the physical activity is the healthy practice that is most encouraged by a virtual coach system, in the current scenario, rehabilitation is the great absentee. This review gives to research group involved in virtual coach design and implementation an overview on tangible applications of this tool in clinics, medical, and rehabilitation application. This offers the possibility to inspire new ideas for future works in virtual coaching fields.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12805
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume21
Issue10
Number of pages22
ISSN1439-4456
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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