Søren Kragh Moestrup

The recognition unit of FIBCD1 organizes into a noncovalently linked tetrameric structure and uses a hydrophobic funnel (S1) for acetyl group recognition

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Theresa Thomsen
  • ,
  • Jesper B Moeller, Denmark
  • Anders Schlosser, Kardiovaskulær og Renal Forskning, Denmark
  • Grith L Sorensen
  • ,
  • Soren K Moestrup
  • Nades Palaniyar
  • ,
  • Russell Wallis
  • ,
  • Jan Mollenhauer, Mollenhauer-gruppen, Denmark
  • Uffe Holmskov, Denmark
We have recently identified FIBCD1 (Fibrinogen C domain containing 1) as a type II transmembrane endocytic receptor located primarily in the intestinal brush border. The ectodomain of FIBCD1 comprises a coiled coil, a polycationic region, and a C-terminal FReD (fibrinogen-related domain) that assembles into disulfide-linked homotetramers. The FIBCD1-FReD binds Ca(2+) dependently to acetylated structures like chitin, N-acetylated carbohydrates, and amino acids. FReDs are present in diverse innate immune pattern recognition proteins including the ficolins and horseshoe crab TL5A. Here, we use chemical cross-linking, combined with analytical ultracentrifugation and electron microscopy of the negatively stained recombinant FIBCD1-FReD to show that it assembles into noncovalent tetramers in the absence of the coiled coil. We use surface plasmon resonance, carbohydrate binding, and pulldown assays combined with site-directed mutagenesis to define the binding site involved in the interaction of FIBCD1 with acetylated structures. We show that mutations of central residues (A432V and H415G) in the hydrophobic funnel (S1) abolish the binding of FIBCD1 to acetylated bovine serum albumin and chitin. The double mutations (D393N/D395A) at the putative calcium-binding site reduce the ability of FIBCD1 to bind ligands. We conclude that the FReDs of FIBCD1 forms noncovalent tetramers and that the acetyl-binding site of FReDs of FIBCD1 is homologous to that of tachylectin 5A and M-ficolin but not to the FReD of L-ficolin. We suggest that the spatial organization of the FIBCD1-FReDs determine the molecular pattern recognition specificity and subsequent biological functions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue2
Pages (from-to)1229-38
Number of pages10
ISSN0021-9258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Binding Sites, Cattle, Chitin, Humans, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Mutation, Missense, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Quaternary, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Receptors, Cell Surface, Structural Homology, Protein, Structure-Activity Relationship

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