Søren Kragh Moestrup

CD163-L1 is an endocytic macrophage protein strongly regulated by mediators in the inflammatory response

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Jesper B Moeller, Denmark
  • Marianne J Nielsen, Denmark
  • Martin P Reichhardt
  • ,
  • Anders Schlosser, Kardiovaskulær og Renal Forskning, Denmark
  • Grith L Sorensen
  • ,
  • Ole Nielsen
  • ,
  • Ida Tornøe, Kardiovaskulær og Renal Forskning, Denmark
  • Jørn Grønlund
  • ,
  • Maria E Nielsen, Denmark
  • Jan S Jørgensen, Denmark
  • Ole N Jensen, Denmark
  • Jan Mollenhauer, Mollenhauer-gruppen, Denmark
  • Søren K Moestrup
  • Uffe Holmskov, Denmark
CD163-L1 belongs to the group B scavenger receptor cysteine-rich family of proteins, where the CD163-L1 gene arose by duplication of the gene encoding the hemoglobin scavenger receptor CD163 in late evolution. The current data demonstrate that CD163-L1 is highly expressed and colocalizes with CD163 on large subsets of macrophages, but in contrast to CD163 the expression is low or absent in monocytes and in alveolar macrophages, glia, and Kupffer cells. The expression of CD163-L1 increases when cultured monocytes are M-CSF stimulated to macrophages, and the expression is further increased by the acute-phase mediator IL-6 and the anti-inflammatory mediator IL-10 but is suppressed by the proinflammatory mediators IL-4, IL-13, TNF-α, and LPS/IFN-γ. Furthermore, we show that CD163-L1 is an endocytic receptor, which internalizes independently of cross-linking through a clathrin-mediated pathway. Two cytoplasmic splice variants of CD163-L1 are differentially expressed and have different subcellular distribution patterns. Despite its many similarities to CD163, CD163-L1 does not possess measurable affinity for CD163 ligands such as the haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex or various bacteria. In conclusion, CD163-L1 exhibits similarity to CD163 in terms of structure and regulated expression in cultured monocytes but shows clear differences compared with the known CD163 ligand preferences and expression pattern in the pool of tissue macrophages. We postulate that CD163-L1 functions as a scavenger receptor for one or several ligands that might have a role in resolution of inflammation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Immunology
Pages (from-to)2399-409
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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