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Silvia Ceausu

Rewilding complex ecosystems

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DOI

  • Andrea Perino, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, University Halle-Wittenberg
  • ,
  • Henrique M. Pereira, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Universidade do Porto
  • ,
  • Laetitia M. Navarro, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
  • ,
  • Néstor Fernández, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
  • ,
  • James M. Bullock, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • ,
  • Silvia Ceaușu
  • Ainara Cortés-Avizanda, Universidade do Porto, Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avançats (CSIC-UIB), Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD - CSIC)
  • ,
  • Roel van Klink, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
  • ,
  • Tobias Kuemmerle, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  • ,
  • Angela Lomba, Universidade do Porto
  • ,
  • Guy Pe'er, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH
  • ,
  • Tobias Plieninger, University of Kassel, University of Göttingen
  • ,
  • José M. Rey Benayas, University of Alcalá
  • ,
  • Christopher J. Sandom, School of Life Sciences, Sussex University
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Helen C. Wheeler, Anglia Ruskin University, Department of Integrated Structural Biology, IGBMC (Institute of Genetics and of Molecular and Cellular Biology), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 7104/Institut National de la Santé de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U964/Université de Strasbourg, Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, University of Tromsø, Universitetet i Tromso, Université du Québec à Rimouski

The practice of rewilding has been both promoted and criticized in recent years. Benefits include flexibility to react to environmental change and the promotion of opportunities for society to reconnect with nature. Criticisms include the lack of a clear conceptualization of rewilding, insufficient knowledge about possible outcomes, and the perception that rewilding excludes people from landscapes. Here, we present a framework for rewilding that addresses these concerns. We suggest that rewilding efforts should target trophic complexity, natural disturbances, and dispersal as interacting processes that can improve ecosystem resilience and maintain biodiversity. We propose a structured approach to rewilding projects that includes assessment of the contributions of nature to people and the social-ecological constraints on restoration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaav5570
JournalScience (New York, N.Y.)
Volume364
Issue6438
ISSN0036-8075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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