Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Peter Kappel Theil

Energy and lysine requirements and balances of sows during transition and lactation: A factorial approach: Requirements for transition and lactating sows

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This study aimed to quantify daily requirements for metabolizable energy (ME) and standard ileal digestible (SID) lysine in late gestating and lactating sows using a factorial approach. Metabolizable energy and SID lysine required for fetal and mammary growth, colostrum and milk production, uterine components (including uterus wall, placenta and membrane fluids) and maintenance were estimated. It was estimated that maintenance, additional heat loss, colostrum production, fetal growth, mammary growth and uterine components accounted
for 66.8%, 19.3%, 7.2%, 5.0%, 1.3% and 0.5% of total ME requirements, respectively, in the last 12 days of gestation. Oxidation/transamination, fetal growth, mammary growth, colostrum production, maintenance and uterine components were estimated to account for 29.5%, 22.7%, 16.8%, 16.1%, 10.4% and 4.5% of total SID lysine requirements, respectively, in the last 12 days of gestation. After parturition, ME and SID lysine requirements increased daily until peak lactation (day 17). At peak lactation, 95% and 72% of total required SID
lysine and ME, respectively, were associated with milk production (including oxidation). Relative to day 104 of gestation, ME and SID lysine requirements increased by 60% and 149% at day 115 of gestation, and by 228%, and 338% at peak lactation, respectively. A dietary SID lysine: ME ratio of 0.55 was estimated as the ideal ratio to optimize milk production at peak lactation. It was estimated that the regressing uterus released about 30 g SID lysine and 14 MJ ME into the endogenous plasma pool during lactation. It was concluded that dramatic changes
in energy and lysine requirements and balances occur during transition and lactation; that sows with high milk yield and /or low live weight require high SID lysine: ME ratio and that it would be beneficial to feed sows with two components at each meal to match the daily requirements for maintenance and production.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLivestock Science
Pages (from-to)50-57
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

    Research areas

  • Energy , Lysine , Prolific sows , Requirement, Transition period

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