Department of Biology

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Peter Funch

Rotiferan Hox genes give new insights into the evolution of metazoan bodyplans

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  • Fröbius C. Andreas, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany
  • Peter Funch
The phylum Rotifera consists of minuscule, nonsegmented animals with a unique body plan and an unresolved phylogenetic position. The presence of pharyngeal articulated jaws supports an inclusion in Gnathifera nested in the Spiralia. Comparison of Hox genes, involved
in animal body plan patterning, can be used to infer phylogenetic relationships. Here, we report the expression of five Hox genes during embryogenesis of the rotifer Brachionus manjavacas and show how these genes define different functional components of the nervous
system and not the usual bilaterian staggered expression along the anteroposterior axis.Sequence analysis revealed that the lox5 parapeptide, a key signature in lophotrochozoan and platyhelminthean Hox6/lox5 genes, is absent and replaced by different signatures in Rotifera and Chaetognatha, and that the MedPost gene, until now unique to Chaetognatha, is also present in rotifers. Collectively, our results support an inclusion of chaetognaths in gnathiferans and Gnathifera as sister group to the remaining spiralians.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
JournalNature Communications
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2017

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