Per Kryger

Genetic structure of Apis mellifera macedonica in the Balkan Peninsula based on microsatellite DNA polymorphism

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  • Aleksandar Uzunov, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
  • Marina D Meixner, Germany
  • Hrisula Kiprijanovska, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
  • Sreten Andonov, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
  • Ales Gregorc, Slovenia
  • Evgeniya Ivanova, Bulgaria
  • Maria Bouga, Greece
  • Petrit Dobi, Albania
  • Ralph Büchler, Germany
  • Roy Francis, Denmark
  • Per Kryger
The genetic variability of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) from south eastern Europe was investigated using microsatellite analyses of 107 samples from Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Greece and Bulgaria together with 42 reference samples (Apis mellifera carnica) from Slovenia. Genetic structure and spatial analyses of the microsatellite data showed a clear distinction between the Slovenian bees and all other populations, and confirmed the existence of Apis mellifera macedonica as an indigenous honey bee population in the regions that were sampled. In most areas however, varying degrees of introgression with A. m. carnica alleles could be observed, probably as a consequence of propagating imported queens. Within A. m. macedonica, a certain degree of subdivision between the honey bee populations from Bulgaria and the other regions was detected, confirming earlier reports of variation within this subspecies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Apicultural Research & Bee World
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Research areas

  • Apis mellifera macedonia, diversity, Balkans, microsatellite

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