Per Kryger

Effects of genotype, environment, and their interactions on honey bee Health in Europe

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  • Marina D Meixner, LLH, Bee Institute, Germany
  • Per Kryger
  • Cecilia Costa, Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, Italy
There are several reports of honey bee populations in Europe which survive without treatment for Varroa. However, when evaluated outside their native area, higher survival and resistance traits were not observed in colonies of a survivor population. Varroa infestation is strongly influenced by environmental factors, probably affecting threshold levels on a European scale. In a Europe-wide experiment colonies of local origin survived significantly longer than colonies of non-local origin, clearly indicating the presence of genotype–environment interactions. Transmission by Varroa selects for virulent strains of DWV, but it is currently unknown how these may interact with different genotypes of bees. The distribution of Nosema ceranae is significantly affected by environment, but there is at least one Nosema-resistant population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

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