Per Kryger

Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus in Honeybee Queens: Evaluating Susceptibility and Infection Routes

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Esmaeil Amiri, Denmark
  • Marina Meixner, LLH Bieneninstitut Kirchhain, Germany
  • Ralph Büchler, LLH Bieneninstitut Kirchhain, Germany
  • Per Kryger
Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) is known as a disease of worker honey bees. To investigate pathogenesis of the CBPV on the queen, the sole reproductive individual in a colony, we conducted experiments regarding the susceptibility of queens to CBPV. Results from susceptibility experiment showed a similar disease progress in the queens compared to worker bees after infection. Infected queens exhibit symptoms by Day 6 post infection and virus levels reach 1011 copies per head. In a transmission experiment we showed that social interactions may affect the disease progression. Queens with forced contact to symptomatic worker bees acquired an overt infection with up to 1011 virus copies per head in six days. In contrast, queens in contact with symptomatic worker bees, but with a chance to receive food from healthy bees outside the cage appeared healthy. The virus loads did not exceed 107 in the majority of these queens after nine days. Symptomatic worker bees may transmit sufficient active CBPV particles to the queen through trophallaxis, to cause an overt infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1201
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Research areas

  • honeybee, chronic bee paralysis virus, queen susceptibility, worker to queen transmission, throphallaxis

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