Per Kallestrup

Designing a screening program for prevention of avoidable blindness in Iran through a participatory action approach

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • Marzieh Katibeh
  • Masomeh Kalantarion, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Hamideh Sabbaghi, Shahid Behesthi University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Batool Mousavi, Department of EHealth, Asre Danesh Afzar, Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center
  • ,
  • Michael Schriver
  • Homayoun Nikkhah, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Hamid Ahmadieh, Shahid Behesthi University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Per Kallestrup

Purpose: To design a screening program for prevention of blindness at the community level in Iran. Methods: In this qualitative study, the components and properties of the screening program were identified using a participatory action research method with focus group meetings (FGMs) with relevant health care providers and authorities. A content analysis approach was used for data analysis. Results: In total, 18 stakeholders including six ophthalmologists with different sub-specialties participated in the five FGMs. The screening program aims to discover vision-threatening eye conditions in people aged 50 years and over. Primary health care workers deliver the program including vision tests and fundus imaging with the support of an ophthalmic technician. Retina specialists perform decision-making. Referral plans are interacted through an automated digital program. The screening environment, feedback, ethics and medical legal issues are other main components of the program. Conclusion: This study presents the initial concepts and components of a screening program for prevention of blindness in the adult population in Iran. The program has the potential to improve eye health at the community level and may potentially be replicated as a model for similar settings elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Blindness, Prevention and Control, Qualitative Research, Vision Screening

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 144531701