Department of Economics and Business Economics

Ole Steen Kristensen

Out of care and into care again: A Danish register‐based study of children placed in out-of‐home care before their third birthday

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Objective: When children are reunited with their families of origin and the reasons for placing them in out-of-home care no longer exist, it is usually considered a good outcome. Unfortunately, some children are later returned to care. The objective of this register-based study is to describe in terms of rates the processes of reunification and re-entry, involving children placed in out-of-homecare before their third birthday. Further- more, the objective is to study whether individual and parental characteristics predict reunifications and re-entries. Method: Data were obtained by using personal identification numbers to link several registration systems. The study population was defined as all children from entry cohorts in 1991–2001 who entered the Danish out-of-home care systembefore their third birthday (n=3928). Graphs of cumulative incidences are used to de- scribe the processes of reunification and re-entry. Cox regression is used to estimate the covariates associated with reunification and re-entry. Results: 39% (n=1525) of all children who enter care for the first time reunify with their families within five years of care. 22% of these children re-enter care within two years. Results further point to complex patterns of risk factors. Single parenthoodis associated with a lower rate of reunificationwhen combined with unemploy- ment or psychiatric diagnoses, but it is associated with a higher rate of reunificationwhen parents areemployed or when none of the parents have psychiatric histories. A psychiatric history is associated with re-entry only when the family structure consists of two parents. An immigration background is associatedwith a higher like- lihood of reunification and with a lower likelihood of re-entry.
©
Original languageEnglish
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume34
Issue11
Pages (from-to)2147–2155
ISSN0190-7409
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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