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Nina Smith

OECD migration, welfare and skill selectivity

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  • 0003200

    Submitted manuscript, 552 KB, PDF document

  • Peder Pedersen, Denmark
  • Mariola Pytlikova, Denmark
  • Nina Smith
  • http://www.asb.dk/forskning/forskningscentreoggrupper/forskningscentre/centreforresearchinintegrationeducationqualificationsandmarg/
  • http://www.asb.dk/omos/institutter/departmentofeconomics/
Recent migration patterns show growing migration pressure and changing composition of
immigrants in many Western countries. According to theory, the impact of immigration depends
on the skill distribution of immigrants compared to the natives. During the latest decade, an
increasing proportion of the immigrants have been from poor countries, where the educational
level of the population is low. The comprehensive income support schemes, social safety net and
a high tax pressure, may play a role in changing the composition of migration flows. This paper
presents empirical evidence on immigration flows into 27 OECD countries over the period of 12
years, 1989-2000. Using a fixed effects panel data model, we analyze the determinants of the
migration flows during the latest decade. We study whether there are significant selectivity
effects in international migration flows, i.e. whether the countries with generous welfare schemes
and high tax pressures tend to attract the low-skilled migrants. We look as well at the role of
migration networks and non-economics factors such as cultural and linguistic distance or threat
to own freedom and safety.
Original languageEnglish
Publication year2003
Number of pages45
Publication statusPublished - 2003
EventEALE (European Association of Labour Economists) - Sevilla, Spain
Duration: 18 Sep 200321 Sep 2003


ConferenceEALE (European Association of Labour Economists)

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