Niels Martin Schmidt

Warming shortens flowering seasons of tundra plant communities

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Janet S. Prevéy
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  • Christian Rixen
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  • Nadja Rüger
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  • Toke T. Høye
  • Anne D. Bjorkman
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  • Isla H. Myers-Smith
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  • Sarah C. Elmendorf
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  • Isabel W. Ashton
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  • Nicoletta Cannone
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  • Chelsea L. Chisholm
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  • Karin Clark
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  • Elisabeth J. Cooper
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  • Bo Elberling
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  • Anna Maria Fosaa
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  • Greg H. R. Henry
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  • Robert D. Hollister
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  • Ingibjörg Svala Jónsdóttir
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  • Kari Klanderud
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  • Christopher W. Kopp
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  • Esther Lévesque
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  • Marguerite Mauritz
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  • Ulf Molau
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  • Susan M. Natali
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  • Steven. F. Oberbauer
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  • Zoe A. Panchen
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  • Eric Post, United States
  • Sabine B. Rumpf
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  • Niels Martin Schmidt
  • Edward Schuur
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  • Philipp R. Semenchuk
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  • Jane G. Smith
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  • Katharine N. Suding
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  • Ørjan Totland
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  • Tiffany Troxler
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  • Susanna Venn
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  • Carl-Henrik Wahren
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  • Jeffrey M. Welker
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  • Sonja Wipf
Advancing phenology is one of the most visible effects of climate change on plant communities, and has been especially pronounced in temperature-limited tundra ecosystems. However, phenological responses have been shown to differ greatly between species, with some species shifting phenology more than others. We analysed a database of 42,689 tundra plant phenological observations to show that warmer temperatures are leading to a contraction of community-level flowering seasons in tundra ecosystems due to a greater advancement in the flowering times of late-flowering species than early-flowering species. Shorter flowering seasons with a changing climate have the potential to alter trophic interactions in tundra ecosystems. Interestingly, these findings differ from those of warmer ecosystems, where early-flowering species have been found to be more sensitive to temperature change, suggesting that community-level phenological responses to warming can vary greatly between biomes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Ecology & Evolution
Volume3
Pages (from-to)45-52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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