Niels Henrik Buus

Myocardial perfusion during long-term angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition or β-blockade in patients with essential hypertension

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Hypertension is associated with reduced coronary vasodilatory capacity, possibly caused by structural changes in the coronary resistance vessels. Because vasodilatory treatment may correct abnormal structure better than nonvasodilating treatment, we compared whether long-term angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition has a greater effect on coronary reserve and cardiovascular structure than β-blockade in patients with essential hypertension. Thirty previously untreated hypertensive patients were randomized in a double-blind design to treatment for 1 year with either perindopril (4 to 8 mg per day, n= 15) or atenolol (50 to 100 mg per day, n= 15) and furthermore compared with normotensive controls. Cardiac output and left ventricular mass were measured with echocardiography and resistance artery structure was determined in vitro. Using positron emission tomography, myocardial perfusion (MP) was determined at rest and during dipyridamole-induced hyperemia while still on medication. Perindopril reduced left ventricular mass by 14±4% (P<0.01), peripheral vascular resistance by 12±6% (P<0.01), and media thickness-to-lumen diameter ratio of resistance arteries by 16±4% (P<0.05), whereas atenolol had no effect. Resting MP was decreased both by perindopril (-11±4%, P<0.01) and by atenolol (-25±4%, P<0.01) in parallel to the reduction in rate pressure product. Hyperemic MP was unaltered by perindopril (+2±6%, P=NS), but reduced by atenolol (-32±5%, P<0.01). Compared with atenolol, perindopril treatment resulted in higher coronary reserve (P<0.05). We conclude that compared with β-blockade, ACE inhibition increases coronary reserve and results in regression of hypertensive resistance artery structure and left ventricular hypertrophy. Vasodilating may thus be superior to nonvasodilating treatment in repairing the hypertensive myocardial microcirculation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-470
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

    Research areas

  • Antihypertensive therapy, Arteries, Hypertension, essential, Myocardial, Vascular resistance

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