Niels Henrik Buus

Changes in blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance do not predict microvascular structure during treatment of mild essential hypertension

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BACKGROUND:: Essential hypertension is characterized by small artery remodeling and increased systemic vascular resistance (SVR). We hypothesized that changes in SVR index (SVRI) were associated with measures of small artery structure as reflected by minimum coronary and forearm vascular resistance (C-Rmin and F-Rmin, respectively). Also, we investigated how F-Rmin is related to C-Rmin, coronary flow reserve (CFR), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and blood pressure (BP). METHOD:: Sixty-six never-treated patients with uncomplicated mild essential hypertension had the following measured at baseline: 24-h blood BP, LVMI, CFR and C-Rmin (echocardiography), F-Rmin (forearm plethysmography) and SVRI determined by a gas re-breathing method. After 6 months of antihypertensive therapy administered by the general practitioner, the patients returned for follow-up measurements. RESULTS:: Changes in SVRI did not correlate to changes in F-Rmin (r = 0.001, P = 0.98) or C-Rmin (r = 0.13, P = 0.39) but did correlate to changes in CFR (r = 0.30, P = 0.04). Further analysis was performed by assigning the patients into two groups according to the median of drop in F-Rmin. When adjusted in a multivariate model, changes in F-Rmin (-8.1 ± 3.2%) were significantly associated with changes in C-Rmin (-9.3 ± 4.9%) and LVMI (-6.9 ± 1.7%) (P 
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Pages (from-to)794-801
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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