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Niels Halberg

Impact of large-scale organic conversion on food production and food security in two Indian states, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh

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Impact of large-scale organic conversion on food production and food security in two Indian states, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. / Panneerselvam, P.; Hermansen, John Erik; Halberg, Niels; Arthanari, P. Murali.

In: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems (Print), Vol. 30, No. 3, 2015, p. 252-262.

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Panneerselvam, P. ; Hermansen, John Erik ; Halberg, Niels ; Arthanari, P. Murali. / Impact of large-scale organic conversion on food production and food security in two Indian states, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. In: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems (Print). 2015 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 252-262.

Bibtex

@article{319c165452ed4fed9f20045f9c9aa062,
title = "Impact of large-scale organic conversion on food production and food security in two Indian states, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh",
abstract = "The millions of food insecure people in India are not solely due to inadequate food production, but also because some people are simply too poor to buy food. This study assessed how a large-scale conversion from conventional to organic production would impact on the economics of marginal and small farmers in Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh, and on the total food production in these states. This study also considered a situation where fertilizer subsidies would be discontinued, with farmers having to carry the full cost of fertilizer. Results show that conversion to organic improved the economic situation of farmers although food production was reduced by 3-5% in the organic situation. Thus, the estimated economic values were higher in the organic system (5-40% in fertilizer subsidy scenario and 22-132% in no fertilizer subsidy scenario) than in the conventional system, whereas the total state-level food productions were lowered by 3-5% in the organic compared to the conventional system. Food production was higher when rainfed, and lower in the irrigated situation in the large-scale organic scenario. Although the study addresses short-term perspectives of large-scale conversion to organic farming, more research is needed to understand the long-term impact of organic conversion on food production, nutrient supply, food security and poverty reduction.",
keywords = "food production, food security, organic farming, small farmers",
author = "P. Panneerselvam and Hermansen, {John Erik} and Niels Halberg and Arthanari, {P. Murali}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1017/S1742170513000501",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "252--262",
journal = "Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems (Print)",
issn = "1742-1705",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of large-scale organic conversion on food production and food security in two Indian states, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh

AU - Panneerselvam, P.

AU - Hermansen, John Erik

AU - Halberg, Niels

AU - Arthanari, P. Murali

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The millions of food insecure people in India are not solely due to inadequate food production, but also because some people are simply too poor to buy food. This study assessed how a large-scale conversion from conventional to organic production would impact on the economics of marginal and small farmers in Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh, and on the total food production in these states. This study also considered a situation where fertilizer subsidies would be discontinued, with farmers having to carry the full cost of fertilizer. Results show that conversion to organic improved the economic situation of farmers although food production was reduced by 3-5% in the organic situation. Thus, the estimated economic values were higher in the organic system (5-40% in fertilizer subsidy scenario and 22-132% in no fertilizer subsidy scenario) than in the conventional system, whereas the total state-level food productions were lowered by 3-5% in the organic compared to the conventional system. Food production was higher when rainfed, and lower in the irrigated situation in the large-scale organic scenario. Although the study addresses short-term perspectives of large-scale conversion to organic farming, more research is needed to understand the long-term impact of organic conversion on food production, nutrient supply, food security and poverty reduction.

AB - The millions of food insecure people in India are not solely due to inadequate food production, but also because some people are simply too poor to buy food. This study assessed how a large-scale conversion from conventional to organic production would impact on the economics of marginal and small farmers in Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh, and on the total food production in these states. This study also considered a situation where fertilizer subsidies would be discontinued, with farmers having to carry the full cost of fertilizer. Results show that conversion to organic improved the economic situation of farmers although food production was reduced by 3-5% in the organic situation. Thus, the estimated economic values were higher in the organic system (5-40% in fertilizer subsidy scenario and 22-132% in no fertilizer subsidy scenario) than in the conventional system, whereas the total state-level food productions were lowered by 3-5% in the organic compared to the conventional system. Food production was higher when rainfed, and lower in the irrigated situation in the large-scale organic scenario. Although the study addresses short-term perspectives of large-scale conversion to organic farming, more research is needed to understand the long-term impact of organic conversion on food production, nutrient supply, food security and poverty reduction.

KW - food production

KW - food security

KW - organic farming

KW - small farmers

U2 - 10.1017/S1742170513000501

DO - 10.1017/S1742170513000501

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84891510475

VL - 30

SP - 252

EP - 262

JO - Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems (Print)

JF - Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems (Print)

SN - 1742-1705

IS - 3

ER -