Nick Stub Laursen

A Complement C3-Specific Nanobody for Modulation of the Alternative Cascade Identifies the C-Terminal Domain of C3b as Functional in C5 Convertase Activity

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A Complement C3-Specific Nanobody for Modulation of the Alternative Cascade Identifies the C-Terminal Domain of C3b as Functional in C5 Convertase Activity. / Pedersen, Henrik; Jensen, Rasmus K; Jensen, Jens Magnus B; Fox, Rachel; Pedersen, Dennis V; Olesen, Heidi G; Hansen, Annette G; Christiansen, Dorte; Mazarakis, Sofia M M; Lojek, Neal; Hansen, Pernille; Gadeberg, Trine A F; Zarantonello, Alessandra; Laursen, Nick S; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Johnson, Matthew B; Stevens, Beth; Thiel, Steffen; Andersen, Gregers R.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 205, No. 8, 10.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Pedersen, Henrik ; Jensen, Rasmus K ; Jensen, Jens Magnus B ; Fox, Rachel ; Pedersen, Dennis V ; Olesen, Heidi G ; Hansen, Annette G ; Christiansen, Dorte ; Mazarakis, Sofia M M ; Lojek, Neal ; Hansen, Pernille ; Gadeberg, Trine A F ; Zarantonello, Alessandra ; Laursen, Nick S ; Mollnes, Tom Eirik ; Johnson, Matthew B ; Stevens, Beth ; Thiel, Steffen ; Andersen, Gregers R. / A Complement C3-Specific Nanobody for Modulation of the Alternative Cascade Identifies the C-Terminal Domain of C3b as Functional in C5 Convertase Activity. In: Journal of Immunology. 2020 ; Vol. 205, No. 8.

Bibtex

@article{e479d10cf7f448c08b8c792370712341,
title = "A Complement C3-Specific Nanobody for Modulation of the Alternative Cascade Identifies the C-Terminal Domain of C3b as Functional in C5 Convertase Activity",
abstract = "The complement system is an intricate cascade of the innate immune system and plays a key role in microbial defense, inflammation, organ development, and tissue regeneration. There is increasing interest in developing complement regulatory and inhibitory agents to treat complement dysfunction. In this study, we describe the nanobody hC3Nb3, which is specific for the C-terminal C345c domain of human and mouse complement component C3/C3b/C3c and potently inhibits C3 cleavage by the alternative pathway. A high-resolution structure of the hC3Nb3-C345c complex explains how the nanobody blocks proconvertase assembly. Surprisingly, although the nanobody does not affect classical pathway-mediated C3 cleavage, hC3Nb3 inhibits classical pathway-driven hemolysis, suggesting that the C-terminal domain of C3b has an important function in classical pathway C5 convertase activity. The hC3Nb3 nanobody binds C3 with low nanomolar affinity in an SDS-resistant complex, and the nanobody is demonstrated to be a powerful reagent for C3 detection in immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Overall, the hC3Nb3 nanobody represents a potent inhibitor of both the alternative pathway and the terminal pathway, with possible applications in complement research, diagnostics, and therapeutics.",
author = "Henrik Pedersen and Jensen, {Rasmus K} and Jensen, {Jens Magnus B} and Rachel Fox and Pedersen, {Dennis V} and Olesen, {Heidi G} and Hansen, {Annette G} and Dorte Christiansen and Mazarakis, {Sofia M M} and Neal Lojek and Pernille Hansen and Gadeberg, {Trine A F} and Alessandra Zarantonello and Laursen, {Nick S} and Mollnes, {Tom Eirik} and Johnson, {Matthew B} and Beth Stevens and Steffen Thiel and Andersen, {Gregers R}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
doi = "10.4049/jimmunol.2000752",
language = "English",
volume = "205",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Complement C3-Specific Nanobody for Modulation of the Alternative Cascade Identifies the C-Terminal Domain of C3b as Functional in C5 Convertase Activity

AU - Pedersen, Henrik

AU - Jensen, Rasmus K

AU - Jensen, Jens Magnus B

AU - Fox, Rachel

AU - Pedersen, Dennis V

AU - Olesen, Heidi G

AU - Hansen, Annette G

AU - Christiansen, Dorte

AU - Mazarakis, Sofia M M

AU - Lojek, Neal

AU - Hansen, Pernille

AU - Gadeberg, Trine A F

AU - Zarantonello, Alessandra

AU - Laursen, Nick S

AU - Mollnes, Tom Eirik

AU - Johnson, Matthew B

AU - Stevens, Beth

AU - Thiel, Steffen

AU - Andersen, Gregers R

N1 - Copyright © 2020 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

PY - 2020/10

Y1 - 2020/10

N2 - The complement system is an intricate cascade of the innate immune system and plays a key role in microbial defense, inflammation, organ development, and tissue regeneration. There is increasing interest in developing complement regulatory and inhibitory agents to treat complement dysfunction. In this study, we describe the nanobody hC3Nb3, which is specific for the C-terminal C345c domain of human and mouse complement component C3/C3b/C3c and potently inhibits C3 cleavage by the alternative pathway. A high-resolution structure of the hC3Nb3-C345c complex explains how the nanobody blocks proconvertase assembly. Surprisingly, although the nanobody does not affect classical pathway-mediated C3 cleavage, hC3Nb3 inhibits classical pathway-driven hemolysis, suggesting that the C-terminal domain of C3b has an important function in classical pathway C5 convertase activity. The hC3Nb3 nanobody binds C3 with low nanomolar affinity in an SDS-resistant complex, and the nanobody is demonstrated to be a powerful reagent for C3 detection in immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Overall, the hC3Nb3 nanobody represents a potent inhibitor of both the alternative pathway and the terminal pathway, with possible applications in complement research, diagnostics, and therapeutics.

AB - The complement system is an intricate cascade of the innate immune system and plays a key role in microbial defense, inflammation, organ development, and tissue regeneration. There is increasing interest in developing complement regulatory and inhibitory agents to treat complement dysfunction. In this study, we describe the nanobody hC3Nb3, which is specific for the C-terminal C345c domain of human and mouse complement component C3/C3b/C3c and potently inhibits C3 cleavage by the alternative pathway. A high-resolution structure of the hC3Nb3-C345c complex explains how the nanobody blocks proconvertase assembly. Surprisingly, although the nanobody does not affect classical pathway-mediated C3 cleavage, hC3Nb3 inhibits classical pathway-driven hemolysis, suggesting that the C-terminal domain of C3b has an important function in classical pathway C5 convertase activity. The hC3Nb3 nanobody binds C3 with low nanomolar affinity in an SDS-resistant complex, and the nanobody is demonstrated to be a powerful reagent for C3 detection in immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Overall, the hC3Nb3 nanobody represents a potent inhibitor of both the alternative pathway and the terminal pathway, with possible applications in complement research, diagnostics, and therapeutics.

U2 - 10.4049/jimmunol.2000752

DO - 10.4049/jimmunol.2000752

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32938727

VL - 205

JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

SN - 0022-1767

IS - 8

ER -