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Evidence for pathways of concentrated submarine groundwater discharge in east Antarctica from helicopter-borne electrical resistivity measurements

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Evidence for pathways of concentrated submarine groundwater discharge in east Antarctica from helicopter-borne electrical resistivity measurements. / Foley, Neil; Tulaczyk, Slawek M.; Grombacher, Denys; Doran, Peter T.; Mikucki, Jill; Myers, Krista F.; Foged, Nikolaj; Dugan, Hilary; Auken, Esben; Virginia, Ross.

In: Hydrology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 54, 2019.

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Author

Foley, Neil ; Tulaczyk, Slawek M. ; Grombacher, Denys ; Doran, Peter T. ; Mikucki, Jill ; Myers, Krista F. ; Foged, Nikolaj ; Dugan, Hilary ; Auken, Esben ; Virginia, Ross. / Evidence for pathways of concentrated submarine groundwater discharge in east Antarctica from helicopter-borne electrical resistivity measurements. In: Hydrology. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 2.

Bibtex

@article{2c318e2bc88d4d21a1ff27832a1ec047,
title = "Evidence for pathways of concentrated submarine groundwater discharge in east Antarctica from helicopter-borne electrical resistivity measurements",
abstract = "The Southern Ocean receives limited liquid surface water input from the Antarctic continent. It has been speculated, however, that significant liquid water may flow from beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet, and that this subglacial flow carries that water along with dissolved nutrients to the coast. The delivery of solutes, particularly limiting nutrients like bioavailable iron, to the Southern Ocean may contribute to ecosystem processes including primary productivity. Using a helicopter-borne time domain electromagnetic survey along the coastal margins of the McMurdo Dry Valleys region of Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica, we detected subsurface connections between inland lakes, aquifers, and subglacial waters. These waters, which appear as electrically conductive anomalies, are saline and may contain high concentrations of biologically important ions, including iron and silica. Local hydraulic gradients may drive these waters to the coast, where we postulate they emerge as submarine groundwater discharge. This high latitude groundwater system, imaged regionally in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, may be representative of a broader system of Antarctic submarine groundwater discharge that fertilizes the Southern Ocean. In total, it has the potential to deliver tens of gigagrams of bioavailable Fe and Si to the coastal zone.",
keywords = "Antarctica time-domain electromagnetics, Resistivity, Subglacial, Submarine groundwater discharge",
author = "Neil Foley and Tulaczyk, {Slawek M.} and Denys Grombacher and Doran, {Peter T.} and Jill Mikucki and Myers, {Krista F.} and Nikolaj Foged and Hilary Dugan and Esben Auken and Ross Virginia",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.3390/HYDROLOGY6020054",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Hydrology",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for pathways of concentrated submarine groundwater discharge in east Antarctica from helicopter-borne electrical resistivity measurements

AU - Foley, Neil

AU - Tulaczyk, Slawek M.

AU - Grombacher, Denys

AU - Doran, Peter T.

AU - Mikucki, Jill

AU - Myers, Krista F.

AU - Foged, Nikolaj

AU - Dugan, Hilary

AU - Auken, Esben

AU - Virginia, Ross

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The Southern Ocean receives limited liquid surface water input from the Antarctic continent. It has been speculated, however, that significant liquid water may flow from beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet, and that this subglacial flow carries that water along with dissolved nutrients to the coast. The delivery of solutes, particularly limiting nutrients like bioavailable iron, to the Southern Ocean may contribute to ecosystem processes including primary productivity. Using a helicopter-borne time domain electromagnetic survey along the coastal margins of the McMurdo Dry Valleys region of Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica, we detected subsurface connections between inland lakes, aquifers, and subglacial waters. These waters, which appear as electrically conductive anomalies, are saline and may contain high concentrations of biologically important ions, including iron and silica. Local hydraulic gradients may drive these waters to the coast, where we postulate they emerge as submarine groundwater discharge. This high latitude groundwater system, imaged regionally in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, may be representative of a broader system of Antarctic submarine groundwater discharge that fertilizes the Southern Ocean. In total, it has the potential to deliver tens of gigagrams of bioavailable Fe and Si to the coastal zone.

AB - The Southern Ocean receives limited liquid surface water input from the Antarctic continent. It has been speculated, however, that significant liquid water may flow from beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet, and that this subglacial flow carries that water along with dissolved nutrients to the coast. The delivery of solutes, particularly limiting nutrients like bioavailable iron, to the Southern Ocean may contribute to ecosystem processes including primary productivity. Using a helicopter-borne time domain electromagnetic survey along the coastal margins of the McMurdo Dry Valleys region of Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica, we detected subsurface connections between inland lakes, aquifers, and subglacial waters. These waters, which appear as electrically conductive anomalies, are saline and may contain high concentrations of biologically important ions, including iron and silica. Local hydraulic gradients may drive these waters to the coast, where we postulate they emerge as submarine groundwater discharge. This high latitude groundwater system, imaged regionally in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, may be representative of a broader system of Antarctic submarine groundwater discharge that fertilizes the Southern Ocean. In total, it has the potential to deliver tens of gigagrams of bioavailable Fe and Si to the coastal zone.

KW - Antarctica time-domain electromagnetics

KW - Resistivity

KW - Subglacial

KW - Submarine groundwater discharge

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070755318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/HYDROLOGY6020054

DO - 10.3390/HYDROLOGY6020054

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85070755318

VL - 6

JO - Hydrology

JF - Hydrology

IS - 2

M1 - 54

ER -