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Michaela Miehe

Induction of various immune modulatory molecules in CD34(+) hematopoietic cells.

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  • Oliver Umland, Germany
  • Holger Heine, Germany
  • Michaela Miehe
  • Kathleen Marienfeld, Germany
  • Karl H. Staubach, Germany
  • Artur J. Ulmer, Germany
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been shown to induce proliferation of human T-lymphocytes only in the presence of monocytes and CD34(+) hematopoietic cells (HCs) from peripheral blood. This finding provided evidence of an active role of CD34(+) HCs during inflammation and immunological events. To investigate mechanisms by which CD34(+) HCs become activated and exert their immune-modulatory function, we used the human CD34(+) acute myeloid leukemia cell line KG-1a and CD34(+) bone marrow cells (BMCs).
We showed that culture supernatants of LPS-stimulated mononuclear cells (SUP(LPS)) as well as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TauNF-alpha), but not LPS alone, can activate nuclear factor-kappaB in KG-1a cells. By cDNA subtraction and multiplex polymerase chain reaction, we revealed differential expression of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-1, inhibitor of kappaB (IkappaB)/IkappaBalpha (MAD-3), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in SUP(LPS)-stimulated KG-1a cells and up-regulation of interferon (IFN)-inducible T cell-chemoattractant, interleukin (IL)-8, macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), MIP-1beta, RANTES, CD70, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, and IL-1beta in stimulated KG-1a cells and CD34(+) BMCs. Although monokine induced by IFN-gamma, IFN-inducible protein 10, and IFN-gamma were exclusively up-regulated in KG-1a cells, differential expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), macrophage-derived chemokine, myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor-2, and IL-18 receptor was only detectable in CD34(+) BMCs. More importantly, CD34(+) BMCs stimulated by TNF-alpha also showed enhanced secretion of MCP-1, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and IL-8, and increased ICAM-1 protein expression could be detected in stimulated KG-1a cells and CD34(+) BMCs. Furthermore, we revealed that T cell proliferation can be induced by TNF-alpha-stimulated KG-1a cells, which is preventable by blocking anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibodies. Our results demonstrate that CD34(+) HCs have the potential to express a variety of immune-regulatory mediators upon stimulation by inflammatory cytokines including TNF-alpha, which may contribute to innate- and adaptive-immune processes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2004

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