Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Mathias Neumann Andersen

Reduced nitrogen leaching by intercropping maize with red fescue on sandy soils in North Europe: A combined field and modeling study

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Reduced nitrogen leaching by intercropping maize with red fescue on sandy soils in North Europe : A combined field and modeling study. / Manevski, Kiril; Børgesen, Christen Duus; Andersen, Mathias Neumann; Kristensen, Ib Sillebak.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 388, No. 1-2, 2015, p. 67-85.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{1596d1e07529463a874e6fc4b3fc854f,
title = "Reduced nitrogen leaching by intercropping maize with red fescue on sandy soils in North Europe: A combined field and modeling study",
abstract = "AimTo study maize (Zea mays L.) growth and soil nitrogen (N) dynamics in monocrop and intercropped systems in a North European climate and soil conditions with the support of a simulation model.MethodsField data for 3 years at two sites/soil types in Denmark and three main factors: (i) cropping history (maize or grass-clover), (ii) maize monocrop or intercropped with red fescue (Festuca rubra L.) and (iii) three fertilizer N rates, were used to calibrate and validate the DAISY model for simulation of crop growth and soil N dynamics. Field and model results were used to study the treatment effects on the maize systems.ResultsIntercropped maize had 15–37 {\%} lower N leaching than monocrop maize. Maize intercropping following a maize crop was achieved without yield loss at the standard N rate or higher, while red fescue offset N leaching. Maize intercropping following grass-clover needed less N, thereby greatly reducing the N leaching.ConclusionsThe hypothesis that maize intercropping with fertilizer N rates applicable to monocrop maize decreases N leaching without significant yield loss was largely supported given the effect of cropping history and soil type. The applicability of DAISY was extended to provide better analyses of intercropping systems and complex management options to reduce N leaching across northern Europe.",
keywords = "Competition, Crop growth, Grass-clover, Field conditions, Nitrogen dynamics, Simulation",
author = "Kiril Manevski and B{\o}rgesen, {Christen Duus} and Andersen, {Mathias Neumann} and Kristensen, {Ib Sillebak}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1007/s11104-014-2311-6",
language = "English",
volume = "388",
pages = "67--85",
journal = "Plant and Soil",
issn = "0032-079X",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduced nitrogen leaching by intercropping maize with red fescue on sandy soils in North Europe

T2 - A combined field and modeling study

AU - Manevski, Kiril

AU - Børgesen, Christen Duus

AU - Andersen, Mathias Neumann

AU - Kristensen, Ib Sillebak

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - AimTo study maize (Zea mays L.) growth and soil nitrogen (N) dynamics in monocrop and intercropped systems in a North European climate and soil conditions with the support of a simulation model.MethodsField data for 3 years at two sites/soil types in Denmark and three main factors: (i) cropping history (maize or grass-clover), (ii) maize monocrop or intercropped with red fescue (Festuca rubra L.) and (iii) three fertilizer N rates, were used to calibrate and validate the DAISY model for simulation of crop growth and soil N dynamics. Field and model results were used to study the treatment effects on the maize systems.ResultsIntercropped maize had 15–37 % lower N leaching than monocrop maize. Maize intercropping following a maize crop was achieved without yield loss at the standard N rate or higher, while red fescue offset N leaching. Maize intercropping following grass-clover needed less N, thereby greatly reducing the N leaching.ConclusionsThe hypothesis that maize intercropping with fertilizer N rates applicable to monocrop maize decreases N leaching without significant yield loss was largely supported given the effect of cropping history and soil type. The applicability of DAISY was extended to provide better analyses of intercropping systems and complex management options to reduce N leaching across northern Europe.

AB - AimTo study maize (Zea mays L.) growth and soil nitrogen (N) dynamics in monocrop and intercropped systems in a North European climate and soil conditions with the support of a simulation model.MethodsField data for 3 years at two sites/soil types in Denmark and three main factors: (i) cropping history (maize or grass-clover), (ii) maize monocrop or intercropped with red fescue (Festuca rubra L.) and (iii) three fertilizer N rates, were used to calibrate and validate the DAISY model for simulation of crop growth and soil N dynamics. Field and model results were used to study the treatment effects on the maize systems.ResultsIntercropped maize had 15–37 % lower N leaching than monocrop maize. Maize intercropping following a maize crop was achieved without yield loss at the standard N rate or higher, while red fescue offset N leaching. Maize intercropping following grass-clover needed less N, thereby greatly reducing the N leaching.ConclusionsThe hypothesis that maize intercropping with fertilizer N rates applicable to monocrop maize decreases N leaching without significant yield loss was largely supported given the effect of cropping history and soil type. The applicability of DAISY was extended to provide better analyses of intercropping systems and complex management options to reduce N leaching across northern Europe.

KW - Competition

KW - Crop growth

KW - Grass-clover

KW - Field conditions

KW - Nitrogen dynamics

KW - Simulation

U2 - 10.1007/s11104-014-2311-6

DO - 10.1007/s11104-014-2311-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 388

SP - 67

EP - 85

JO - Plant and Soil

JF - Plant and Soil

SN - 0032-079X

IS - 1-2

ER -