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Mathias Neumann Andersen

Nutrient uptake and growth of potato: Arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis interacts with quality and quantity of amended biochars

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Nutrient uptake and growth of potato : Arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis interacts with quality and quantity of amended biochars. / Yang, Qi; Ravnskov, Sabine; Andersen, Mathias Neumann.

In: Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Vol. 183, No. 2, 04.2020, p. 220-232.

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@article{e53634a57432463ab52aaa16cca29bb1,
title = "Nutrient uptake and growth of potato: Arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis interacts with quality and quantity of amended biochars",
abstract = "Aims: The aim of this study was to explore interactive effects between quality (types) and quantity (application rates) of biochar as well as of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) symbiosis on the growth of potato plants. Methods: A low P sandy loam soil was amended with 0%, 1.5%, or 2.5% (w/w) of either of 4 types of biochar, which were produced from wheat straw pellets (WSP) or miscanthus straw pellets (MSP) pyrolyzed at temperatures of either 550°C or 700°C. Potato plants grown in pots containing the soils or soil biochar mixture were inoculated with or without AM fungus (AMF), Rhizophagus irregularis. The experiment was carried out under fully irrigated semi-field conditions and plants were harvested 101 days after planting. Results: Application of high temperature biochar decreased growth, biomass and tuber yield of potato plants, while the low temperature biochar had a similar effect on yield as plants grown without biochar amendment. Total biomass of potato plants were decreased with the increasing rate of biochar. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus inoculation stimulated the growth of potato plants in all organs, increased tuber biomass significantly in 1.5% MSP700 amended plants, and to a lesser degree for WSP700, MSP550, and WSP550. In addition, plant biomass gain was linearly related to N, P, and K uptake, the ratio of P to N in the leaf of plants indicated that all treatments were mainly P-limited. A multiple linear regression using P uptake and biochar rate as independent variables explained 91% of the variation in total biomass. The single effect of AMF inoculation, type and rate of biochar affected plant N, P and K uptake similarly. While AMF inoculation significantly increased P uptake in potato plants grown in soil with WSP700 or MSP700 despite of the rate of biochar. In general, application of biochar significantly increased AMF root colonization of potato plants. Conclusions: The application of MSP550 at 1.5% combined with AMF stimulated growth of potato the most. Furthermore, the results indicated that the interactive effect of AMF inoculation, biochar type and application rate on potato growth to a large extent could be explained by effects on plant nutrient uptake.",
keywords = "N/P uptake Rhizophagus irregularis, NLFA 16:1ω5, Solanum tuberosum, low/high temperature biochar, PLANT, PHOSPHORUS, NLFA 16, FUNGI, ROOT-GROWTH, INCREASES, AMENDMENT, IRRIGATION STRATEGIES, N, DROUGHT TOLERANCE, PHOSPHATE, high temperature biochar, low, 1 omega 5, SOIL, P uptake Rhizophagus irregularis",
author = "Qi Yang and Sabine Ravnskov and Andersen, {Mathias Neumann}",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1002/jpln.201900205",
language = "English",
volume = "183",
pages = "220--232",
journal = "Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science",
issn = "1436-8730",
publisher = "Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutrient uptake and growth of potato

T2 - Arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis interacts with quality and quantity of amended biochars

AU - Yang, Qi

AU - Ravnskov, Sabine

AU - Andersen, Mathias Neumann

PY - 2020/4

Y1 - 2020/4

N2 - Aims: The aim of this study was to explore interactive effects between quality (types) and quantity (application rates) of biochar as well as of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) symbiosis on the growth of potato plants. Methods: A low P sandy loam soil was amended with 0%, 1.5%, or 2.5% (w/w) of either of 4 types of biochar, which were produced from wheat straw pellets (WSP) or miscanthus straw pellets (MSP) pyrolyzed at temperatures of either 550°C or 700°C. Potato plants grown in pots containing the soils or soil biochar mixture were inoculated with or without AM fungus (AMF), Rhizophagus irregularis. The experiment was carried out under fully irrigated semi-field conditions and plants were harvested 101 days after planting. Results: Application of high temperature biochar decreased growth, biomass and tuber yield of potato plants, while the low temperature biochar had a similar effect on yield as plants grown without biochar amendment. Total biomass of potato plants were decreased with the increasing rate of biochar. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus inoculation stimulated the growth of potato plants in all organs, increased tuber biomass significantly in 1.5% MSP700 amended plants, and to a lesser degree for WSP700, MSP550, and WSP550. In addition, plant biomass gain was linearly related to N, P, and K uptake, the ratio of P to N in the leaf of plants indicated that all treatments were mainly P-limited. A multiple linear regression using P uptake and biochar rate as independent variables explained 91% of the variation in total biomass. The single effect of AMF inoculation, type and rate of biochar affected plant N, P and K uptake similarly. While AMF inoculation significantly increased P uptake in potato plants grown in soil with WSP700 or MSP700 despite of the rate of biochar. In general, application of biochar significantly increased AMF root colonization of potato plants. Conclusions: The application of MSP550 at 1.5% combined with AMF stimulated growth of potato the most. Furthermore, the results indicated that the interactive effect of AMF inoculation, biochar type and application rate on potato growth to a large extent could be explained by effects on plant nutrient uptake.

AB - Aims: The aim of this study was to explore interactive effects between quality (types) and quantity (application rates) of biochar as well as of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) symbiosis on the growth of potato plants. Methods: A low P sandy loam soil was amended with 0%, 1.5%, or 2.5% (w/w) of either of 4 types of biochar, which were produced from wheat straw pellets (WSP) or miscanthus straw pellets (MSP) pyrolyzed at temperatures of either 550°C or 700°C. Potato plants grown in pots containing the soils or soil biochar mixture were inoculated with or without AM fungus (AMF), Rhizophagus irregularis. The experiment was carried out under fully irrigated semi-field conditions and plants were harvested 101 days after planting. Results: Application of high temperature biochar decreased growth, biomass and tuber yield of potato plants, while the low temperature biochar had a similar effect on yield as plants grown without biochar amendment. Total biomass of potato plants were decreased with the increasing rate of biochar. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus inoculation stimulated the growth of potato plants in all organs, increased tuber biomass significantly in 1.5% MSP700 amended plants, and to a lesser degree for WSP700, MSP550, and WSP550. In addition, plant biomass gain was linearly related to N, P, and K uptake, the ratio of P to N in the leaf of plants indicated that all treatments were mainly P-limited. A multiple linear regression using P uptake and biochar rate as independent variables explained 91% of the variation in total biomass. The single effect of AMF inoculation, type and rate of biochar affected plant N, P and K uptake similarly. While AMF inoculation significantly increased P uptake in potato plants grown in soil with WSP700 or MSP700 despite of the rate of biochar. In general, application of biochar significantly increased AMF root colonization of potato plants. Conclusions: The application of MSP550 at 1.5% combined with AMF stimulated growth of potato the most. Furthermore, the results indicated that the interactive effect of AMF inoculation, biochar type and application rate on potato growth to a large extent could be explained by effects on plant nutrient uptake.

KW - N/P uptake Rhizophagus irregularis

KW - NLFA 16:1ω5

KW - Solanum tuberosum

KW - low/high temperature biochar

KW - PLANT

KW - PHOSPHORUS

KW - NLFA 16

KW - FUNGI

KW - ROOT-GROWTH

KW - INCREASES

KW - AMENDMENT

KW - IRRIGATION STRATEGIES

KW - N

KW - DROUGHT TOLERANCE

KW - PHOSPHATE

KW - high temperature biochar

KW - low

KW - 1 omega 5

KW - SOIL

KW - P uptake Rhizophagus irregularis

U2 - 10.1002/jpln.201900205

DO - 10.1002/jpln.201900205

M3 - Journal article

VL - 183

SP - 220

EP - 232

JO - Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science

JF - Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science

SN - 1436-8730

IS - 2

ER -