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Mathias Neumann Andersen

Effects of irrigation strategies and soils on field-grown potatoes: Gas exchange and xylem [ABA]

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  • Seyed Hamid Ahmadi, Denmark
  • Mathias Neumann Andersen
  • Finn Plauborg
  • Rolf Thostrup Poulsen, Denmark
  • Christian Richardt Jensen, Denmark
  • Ale Reza Sepaskhah, Dep. of Irrigation, Fac. of Agric., Shiraz Univ., Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Søren Hansen, Denmark
  • Department of Agroecology and Environment
  • Agrohydrology and Water Quality
Gas exchange was measured in potatoes (cv. Folva) grown in lysimeters (4.32 m2) in coarse sand, loamy sand, and sandy loam and subjected to full (FI), deficit (DI), and partial root-zone drying (PRD) irrigation strategies. PRD and DI as water-saving irrigation treatments received 65% of FI and started after tuber bulking and lasted for six weeks until final harvest. Midday photosynthesis rate (An) and stomatal conductance (gs) of fully irrigated (FI) plants were lowest in coarse sand and mean An of diurnal measurements in FI, PRD and DI tended to be lower in this soil as compared with the loamy sand and sandy loam. The results revealed that diurnal values of An and gs in PRD and DI were consistently lower than FI without reaching significant differences in accordance with findings that xylem [ABA] in PRD was significantly higher than FI, and tended to be higher than in DI. Diurnal measurements showed that An reached peak values during mid-morning and midday, while gs were highest during the morning. Intrinsic water use efficiency (An/gs) correlated linearly well with the leaf to air vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and the slope of the line revealed the rate of An/gs increase per each kPa increase in VPD, i.e. approximately 10 μmol mol-1. Transpiration efficiency (An/T) of PRD was higher than DI, which shows slightly better efficient water use than DI. The slope of the linear relationship between transpiration efficiency and VPD decreased from -2.03 to -1.04 during the time course of the growing season, indicating the negative effect of leaf ageing on photosynthesis and thus on plant water use efficiency. This fact shows the possibility to save water during last growth stages through applying water-saving irrigations without much effect on transpiration efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Volume97
Issue10
Pages (from-to)1486-1494
Number of pages9
ISSN0378-3774
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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