Mathias Neumann Andersen

Effects of irrigation strategies and soils on field grown potatoes: Yield and water productivity

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  • Seyed Hamid Ahmadi, Denmark
  • Mathias Neumann Andersen
  • Finn Plauborg
  • Rolf Thostrup Poulsen, Denmark
  • Christian Richardt Jensen, Denmark
  • Ali Reza Sepaskhah, Dep. of Irrigation, Fac. of Agriculture, Shiraz Univ., Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Søren Hansen, Denmark
  • Department of Agroecology and Environment
  • Agrohydrology and Water Quality
Yield and water productivity of potatoes grown in 4.32 m2 lysimeters were measured in coarse sand, loamy sand, and sandy loam and imposed to full (FI), deficit (DI), and partial root-zone drying (PRD) irrigation strategies. PRD and DI as water-saving irrigation treatments received 65% of FI after tuber bulking and lasted for 6 weeks until final harvest. Analysis across the soil textures showed that fresh yields were not significant between the irrigation treatments. However, the same analysis across the irrigation treatments revealed that the effect of soil texture was significant on the fresh yield and loamy sand produced significantly higher fresh yield than the other two soils, probably because of higher leaf area index, higher photosynthesis rates, and "stay-green" effect late in the growing season. More analysis showed that there was a significant interaction between the irrigation treatments and soil textures that the highest fresh yield was obtained under FI in loamy sand. Furthermore, analysis across the soil textures showed that water productivities, WP (kg ha-1 fresh tuber yield mm-1 ET) were not significantly different between the irrigation treatments. However, across the irrigation treatments, the soil textures were significantly different. This showed that the interaction between irrigation treatments and soil textures was significant that the highest significant WP was obtained under DI in sandy loam. While PRD and DI treatments increased WP by, respectively, 11 and 5% in coarse sand and 28 and 36% in sandy loam relative to FI, they decreased WP in loamy sand by 15 and 13%. The reduced WP in loamy sand was due to nearly 28% fresh tuber yield loss in PRD and DI relative to FI even though ET was reduced by 9 and 11% in these irrigation treatments. This study showed that different soils will affect water-saving irrigation strategies that are worth knowing for suitable agricultural water management. So, under non-limited water resources conditions, loamy sand produces the highest yield under full irrigation but water-saving irrigations (PRD and DI) are not recommended due to considerable loss (28%) in yield. However, under restricted water resources, it is recommended to apply water-saving irrigations in sandy loam and coarse sand to achieve the highest water productivity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Volume97
Issue11
Pages (from-to)1923-1930
Number of pages8
ISSN0378-3774
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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