Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research

Maria Dich Herold

Nitrous oxide use among young people – new trends, policy challenges, and knowledge gaps

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Nitrous oxide use among young people – new trends, policy challenges, and knowledge gaps. / Frank, Vibeke Asmussen; MacLean, Sarah; Herold, Maria Dich.

In: Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, p. 383-392.

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@article{74f4f554070b4989a260259e8c279944,
title = "Nitrous oxide use among young people – new trends, policy challenges, and knowledge gaps",
abstract = "AbstractPurposeNitrous oxide (N2O) use for recreational purposes appears to have increased among young people in several countries, including Denmark, Australia, The Netherlands and the UK. This increase has prompted concern among health authorities and politicians. The purpose of this paper is to map out findings in the available literature about N2O use among young people to better understand current trends and contextualize the public concerns and the new policy responses to it.Design/methodology/approachThe authors draw here on a range of sources, including research literature, reports and policy documents in English and Danish. Given the broad aim, the authors used a scoping study approach (Arksey and O{\textquoteright}Malley, 2005).FindingsThe authors found literature on prevalence of use, health effects and policy regulations. The literature suggests that health harms associated with N2O use are generally associated with intensive and long-term use, and death is more likely where the means of administration entails a risk of suffocation. Overall, however, the analysis shows that substantial gaps exist in the available literature. The authors lack detailed knowledge on several issues, including comparable prevalence data of N2O use; the extent to which N2O is used with other drugs; how one can distinguish between harmful and non-harmful use in terms of both quantity inhaled and mode of administration; and on intended and unintended consequences of policy responses to this use.Originality/valueThe current increase and trend in inhaling N2O for intoxication among young people is under researched. This general review maps out what kind of knowledge would be valuable to have for prevention, harm reduction and policy interventions.",
keywords = "Policy, Young people, Preention, Harm reduction, Nitrous oxide, Recreational use",
author = "Frank, {Vibeke Asmussen} and Sarah MacLean and Herold, {Maria Dich}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1108/DAT-09-2020-0062",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "383--392",
journal = "Drugs and Alcohol Today",
issn = "1745-9265",
publisher = "Pier Professional Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nitrous oxide use among young people – new trends, policy challenges, and knowledge gaps

AU - Frank, Vibeke Asmussen

AU - MacLean, Sarah

AU - Herold, Maria Dich

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - AbstractPurposeNitrous oxide (N2O) use for recreational purposes appears to have increased among young people in several countries, including Denmark, Australia, The Netherlands and the UK. This increase has prompted concern among health authorities and politicians. The purpose of this paper is to map out findings in the available literature about N2O use among young people to better understand current trends and contextualize the public concerns and the new policy responses to it.Design/methodology/approachThe authors draw here on a range of sources, including research literature, reports and policy documents in English and Danish. Given the broad aim, the authors used a scoping study approach (Arksey and O’Malley, 2005).FindingsThe authors found literature on prevalence of use, health effects and policy regulations. The literature suggests that health harms associated with N2O use are generally associated with intensive and long-term use, and death is more likely where the means of administration entails a risk of suffocation. Overall, however, the analysis shows that substantial gaps exist in the available literature. The authors lack detailed knowledge on several issues, including comparable prevalence data of N2O use; the extent to which N2O is used with other drugs; how one can distinguish between harmful and non-harmful use in terms of both quantity inhaled and mode of administration; and on intended and unintended consequences of policy responses to this use.Originality/valueThe current increase and trend in inhaling N2O for intoxication among young people is under researched. This general review maps out what kind of knowledge would be valuable to have for prevention, harm reduction and policy interventions.

AB - AbstractPurposeNitrous oxide (N2O) use for recreational purposes appears to have increased among young people in several countries, including Denmark, Australia, The Netherlands and the UK. This increase has prompted concern among health authorities and politicians. The purpose of this paper is to map out findings in the available literature about N2O use among young people to better understand current trends and contextualize the public concerns and the new policy responses to it.Design/methodology/approachThe authors draw here on a range of sources, including research literature, reports and policy documents in English and Danish. Given the broad aim, the authors used a scoping study approach (Arksey and O’Malley, 2005).FindingsThe authors found literature on prevalence of use, health effects and policy regulations. The literature suggests that health harms associated with N2O use are generally associated with intensive and long-term use, and death is more likely where the means of administration entails a risk of suffocation. Overall, however, the analysis shows that substantial gaps exist in the available literature. The authors lack detailed knowledge on several issues, including comparable prevalence data of N2O use; the extent to which N2O is used with other drugs; how one can distinguish between harmful and non-harmful use in terms of both quantity inhaled and mode of administration; and on intended and unintended consequences of policy responses to this use.Originality/valueThe current increase and trend in inhaling N2O for intoxication among young people is under researched. This general review maps out what kind of knowledge would be valuable to have for prevention, harm reduction and policy interventions.

KW - Policy

KW - Young people

KW - Preention

KW - Harm reduction

KW - Nitrous oxide

KW - Recreational use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096594312&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1108/DAT-09-2020-0062

DO - 10.1108/DAT-09-2020-0062

M3 - Journal article

VL - 20

SP - 383

EP - 392

JO - Drugs and Alcohol Today

JF - Drugs and Alcohol Today

SN - 1745-9265

IS - 4

ER -