Marco Capogna

The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons. / Capogna, Marco; Volynski, Kirill E; Emptage, Nigel J et al.

In: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, Vol. 23, No. 10, 15.05.2003, p. 4044-53.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Capogna, M, Volynski, KE, Emptage, NJ & Ushkaryov, YA 2003, 'The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons', The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 4044-53.

APA

Capogna, M., Volynski, K. E., Emptage, N. J., & Ushkaryov, Y. A. (2003). The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 23(10), 4044-53.

CBE

Capogna M, Volynski KE, Emptage NJ, Ushkaryov YA. 2003. The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 23(10):4044-53.

MLA

Capogna, Marco et al. "The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons". The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 2003, 23(10). 4044-53.

Vancouver

Capogna M, Volynski KE, Emptage NJ, Ushkaryov YA. The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 2003 May 15;23(10):4044-53.

Author

Capogna, Marco ; Volynski, Kirill E ; Emptage, Nigel J et al. / The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons. In: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 2003 ; Vol. 23, No. 10. pp. 4044-53.

Bibtex

@article{9e26e76cc6714396b047ebdd8df894c4,
title = "The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons",
abstract = "Alpha-latrotoxin (LTX) stimulates vesicular exocytosis by at least two mechanisms that include (1) receptor binding-stimulation and (2) membrane pore formation. Here, we use the toxin mutant LTX(N4C) to selectively study the receptor-mediated actions of LTX. LTX(N4C) binds to both LTX receptors (latrophilin and neurexin) and greatly enhances the frequency of spontaneous and miniature EPSCs recorded from CA3 pyramidal neurons in hippocampal slice cultures. The effect of LTX(N4C) is reversible and is not attenuated by La3+ that is known to block LTX pores. On the other hand, LTX(N4C) action, which requires extracellular Ca2+, is inhibited by thapsigargin, a drug depleting intracellular Ca2+ stores, by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, a blocker of inositol(1,4,5)-trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ release, and by U73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Furthermore, measurements using a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator directly demonstrate that LTX(N4C) increases presynaptic, but not dendritic, free Ca2+ concentration; this Ca2+ rise is blocked by thapsigargin, suggesting, together with electrophysiological data, that the receptor-mediated action of LTX(N4C) involves mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Finally, in contrast to wild-type LTX, which inhibits evoked synaptic transmission probably attributable to pore formation, LTX(N4C) actually potentiates synaptic currents elicited by electrical stimulation of afferent fibers. We suggest that the mutant LTX(N4C), lacking the ionophore-like activity of wild-type LTX, activates a presynaptic receptor and stimulates Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, leading to the enhancement of synaptic vesicle exocytosis.",
keywords = "Amino Acid Substitution/genetics, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Asparagine/genetics, Calcium/metabolism, Culture Techniques, Cysteine/genetics, Evoked Potentials/drug effects, Exocytosis/drug effects, Hippocampus/cytology, Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism, Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism, Point Mutation, Pyramidal Cells/chemistry, Rats, Receptors, Peptide/metabolism, Spider Venoms/genetics, Synaptic Transmission/drug effects",
author = "Marco Capogna and Volynski, {Kirill E} and Emptage, {Nigel J} and Ushkaryov, {Yuri A}",
year = "2003",
month = may,
day = "15",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "4044--53",
journal = "The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience",
issn = "0270-6474",
publisher = "Society for Neuroscience",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The alpha-latrotoxin mutant LTXN4C enhances spontaneous and evoked transmitter release in CA3 pyramidal neurons

AU - Capogna, Marco

AU - Volynski, Kirill E

AU - Emptage, Nigel J

AU - Ushkaryov, Yuri A

PY - 2003/5/15

Y1 - 2003/5/15

N2 - Alpha-latrotoxin (LTX) stimulates vesicular exocytosis by at least two mechanisms that include (1) receptor binding-stimulation and (2) membrane pore formation. Here, we use the toxin mutant LTX(N4C) to selectively study the receptor-mediated actions of LTX. LTX(N4C) binds to both LTX receptors (latrophilin and neurexin) and greatly enhances the frequency of spontaneous and miniature EPSCs recorded from CA3 pyramidal neurons in hippocampal slice cultures. The effect of LTX(N4C) is reversible and is not attenuated by La3+ that is known to block LTX pores. On the other hand, LTX(N4C) action, which requires extracellular Ca2+, is inhibited by thapsigargin, a drug depleting intracellular Ca2+ stores, by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, a blocker of inositol(1,4,5)-trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ release, and by U73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Furthermore, measurements using a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator directly demonstrate that LTX(N4C) increases presynaptic, but not dendritic, free Ca2+ concentration; this Ca2+ rise is blocked by thapsigargin, suggesting, together with electrophysiological data, that the receptor-mediated action of LTX(N4C) involves mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Finally, in contrast to wild-type LTX, which inhibits evoked synaptic transmission probably attributable to pore formation, LTX(N4C) actually potentiates synaptic currents elicited by electrical stimulation of afferent fibers. We suggest that the mutant LTX(N4C), lacking the ionophore-like activity of wild-type LTX, activates a presynaptic receptor and stimulates Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, leading to the enhancement of synaptic vesicle exocytosis.

AB - Alpha-latrotoxin (LTX) stimulates vesicular exocytosis by at least two mechanisms that include (1) receptor binding-stimulation and (2) membrane pore formation. Here, we use the toxin mutant LTX(N4C) to selectively study the receptor-mediated actions of LTX. LTX(N4C) binds to both LTX receptors (latrophilin and neurexin) and greatly enhances the frequency of spontaneous and miniature EPSCs recorded from CA3 pyramidal neurons in hippocampal slice cultures. The effect of LTX(N4C) is reversible and is not attenuated by La3+ that is known to block LTX pores. On the other hand, LTX(N4C) action, which requires extracellular Ca2+, is inhibited by thapsigargin, a drug depleting intracellular Ca2+ stores, by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, a blocker of inositol(1,4,5)-trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ release, and by U73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Furthermore, measurements using a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator directly demonstrate that LTX(N4C) increases presynaptic, but not dendritic, free Ca2+ concentration; this Ca2+ rise is blocked by thapsigargin, suggesting, together with electrophysiological data, that the receptor-mediated action of LTX(N4C) involves mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Finally, in contrast to wild-type LTX, which inhibits evoked synaptic transmission probably attributable to pore formation, LTX(N4C) actually potentiates synaptic currents elicited by electrical stimulation of afferent fibers. We suggest that the mutant LTX(N4C), lacking the ionophore-like activity of wild-type LTX, activates a presynaptic receptor and stimulates Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, leading to the enhancement of synaptic vesicle exocytosis.

KW - Amino Acid Substitution/genetics

KW - Animals

KW - Animals, Newborn

KW - Asparagine/genetics

KW - Calcium/metabolism

KW - Culture Techniques

KW - Cysteine/genetics

KW - Evoked Potentials/drug effects

KW - Exocytosis/drug effects

KW - Hippocampus/cytology

KW - Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism

KW - Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism

KW - Point Mutation

KW - Pyramidal Cells/chemistry

KW - Rats

KW - Receptors, Peptide/metabolism

KW - Spider Venoms/genetics

KW - Synaptic Transmission/drug effects

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 12764091

VL - 23

SP - 4044

EP - 4053

JO - The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

JF - The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

SN - 0270-6474

IS - 10

ER -