Marco Capogna

GABA(B) receptor modulation of feedforward inhibition through hippocampal neurogliaform cells

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Christopher J Price, Medical Research Council Anatomical Neuropharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TH, United Kingdom, and.
  • ,
  • Ricardo Scott
  • ,
  • Dmitri A Rusakov
  • ,
  • Marco Capogna

Feedforward inhibition of neurons is a fundamental component of information flow control in the brain. We studied the roles played by neurogliaform cells (NGFCs) of stratum lacunosum moleculare of the hippocampus in providing feedforward inhibition to CA1 pyramidal cells. We recorded from synaptically coupled pairs of anatomically identified NGFCs and CA1 pyramidal cells and found that, strikingly, a single presynaptic action potential evoked a biphasic unitary IPSC (uIPSC), consisting of two distinct components mediated by GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors. A GABA(B) receptor-mediated unitary response has not previously been observed in hippocampal excitatory neurons. The decay of the GABA(A) receptor-mediated response was slow (time constant = 50 ms), and was tightly regulated by presynaptic GABA(B) receptors. Surprisingly, the GABA(B) receptor ligands baclofen and (2S)-3-{[(1S)-1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]amino-2-hydroxypropyl}(phenylmethyl)phosphinic acid (CGP55845), while affecting the NGFC-mediated uIPSCs, had no effect on action potential-evoked presynaptic Ca2+ signals monitored in individual axonal boutons of NGFCs with two-photon microscopy. In contrast, baclofen clearly depressed presynaptic Ca2+ transients in non-NGF interneurons. Changes in extracellular Ca2+ concentration that mimicked the effects of baclofen or CGP55845 on uIPSCs significantly altered presynaptic Ca2+ transients. Electrophysiological data suggest that GABA(B) receptors expressed by NGFCs contribute to the dynamic control of the excitatory input to CA1 pyramidal neurons from the temporoammonic path. The NGFC-CA1 pyramidal cell connection therefore provides a unique and subtle mechanism to shape the integration time domain for signals arriving via a major excitatory input to CA1 pyramidal cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume28
Issue27
Pages (from-to)6974-82
Number of pages9
ISSN0270-6474
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2008

    Research areas

  • Action Potentials/drug effects, Animals, Baclofen/pharmacology, Calcium/metabolism, Calcium Signaling/drug effects, GABA Agonists/pharmacology, GABA Antagonists/pharmacology, Hippocampus/cytology, Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials/drug effects, Interneurons/cytology, Neural Inhibition/drug effects, Neural Pathways/cytology, Neuroglia/drug effects, Organ Culture Techniques, Phosphinic Acids/pharmacology, Propanolamines/pharmacology, Pyramidal Cells/drug effects, Rats, Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects, Receptors, GABA-B/drug effects, Synaptic Transmission/drug effects, gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism

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