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Marcello Mannino

The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells

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Standard

The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells. / Prendergast, Amy; Bosch, Marjolein D.; Mannino, Marcello et al.

In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 20, 2018, p. EGU2018-1110.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Prendergast, A, Bosch, MD, Mannino, M, Schöne, B & Bar-Yosef Mayer, D 2018, 'The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells', Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 20, pp. EGU2018-1110.

APA

Prendergast, A., Bosch, M. D., Mannino, M., Schöne, B., & Bar-Yosef Mayer, D. (2018). The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 20, EGU2018-1110.

CBE

Prendergast A, Bosch MD, Mannino M, Schöne B, Bar-Yosef Mayer D. 2018. The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells. Geophysical Research Abstracts. 20:EGU2018-1110.

MLA

Vancouver

Prendergast A, Bosch MD, Mannino M, Schöne B, Bar-Yosef Mayer D. The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells. Geophysical Research Abstracts. 2018;20:EGU2018-1110.

Author

Prendergast, Amy ; Bosch, Marjolein D. ; Mannino, Marcello et al. / The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts. 2018 ; Vol. 20. pp. EGU2018-1110.

Bibtex

@article{9be6bfd1ce7a4365ac878245309aa36a,
title = "The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells",
abstract = "Humans respond to changes in their local environment on daily to seasonal timescales. Therefore, a robust assessment of the impact of environmental change on human behaviour requires an understanding of local environmentalchange at seasonal to sub-seasonal resolution. Stable isotope records from mollusc shells provide one of the few sub-seasonally resolved palaeoenvironmental proxies in the Mediterranean. Obtaining these records frommolluscs that were consumed by people enables the reconstruction of a more detailed picture of how humans responded to changing climatic regimes in the past and ensures that the resulting palaeoenvironmental records aredirectly linked with human activity. Here we present sub-monthly resolved environmental reconstructions from stable isotope analyses of mollusc shells from the Upper Palaeolithic assemblages of the archaeological sites ofKsˇar Akil in Lebanon and Manot Cave in Israel. These highly resolved environmental records, coupled with well dated archaeological sequences provide a framework for assessing the complex interplay between early modernhumans and their local environments. We found evidence for fluctuating temperature, rainfall and seasonality regimes throughout marine isotope stages (MIS) 4 to 2, some of which appear to be linked to northern hemispheremillennial-scale climate oscillations. The archaeological records show human occupation of these sites occurred during both warmer and cooler phases and during both high and low seasonality regimes, indicating that modernhuman populations were somewhat resilient to the resource uncertainty that would have accompanied these changing temperature and seasonality regimes. These paired cultural-environmental records have enabled an examinationof hominin-environment interactions during critical periods of the late Pleistocene in a region with comparatively few high-resolution climate records.",
author = "Amy Prendergast and Bosch, {Marjolein D.} and Marcello Mannino and Bernd Sch{\"o}ne and {Bar-Yosef Mayer}, Daniella",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "EGU2018--1110",
journal = "Geophysical Research Abstracts",
issn = "1607-7962",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
note = "EGU2018 European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018 ; Conference date: 08-04-2018 Through 13-04-2018",
url = "https://egu2018.eu/home.html",

}

RIS

TY - ABST

T1 - The role of environmental change in the expansion of early modern humans in the Levant - what can we learn from mollusc shells

AU - Prendergast, Amy

AU - Bosch, Marjolein D.

AU - Mannino, Marcello

AU - Schöne, Bernd

AU - Bar-Yosef Mayer, Daniella

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Humans respond to changes in their local environment on daily to seasonal timescales. Therefore, a robust assessment of the impact of environmental change on human behaviour requires an understanding of local environmentalchange at seasonal to sub-seasonal resolution. Stable isotope records from mollusc shells provide one of the few sub-seasonally resolved palaeoenvironmental proxies in the Mediterranean. Obtaining these records frommolluscs that were consumed by people enables the reconstruction of a more detailed picture of how humans responded to changing climatic regimes in the past and ensures that the resulting palaeoenvironmental records aredirectly linked with human activity. Here we present sub-monthly resolved environmental reconstructions from stable isotope analyses of mollusc shells from the Upper Palaeolithic assemblages of the archaeological sites ofKsˇar Akil in Lebanon and Manot Cave in Israel. These highly resolved environmental records, coupled with well dated archaeological sequences provide a framework for assessing the complex interplay between early modernhumans and their local environments. We found evidence for fluctuating temperature, rainfall and seasonality regimes throughout marine isotope stages (MIS) 4 to 2, some of which appear to be linked to northern hemispheremillennial-scale climate oscillations. The archaeological records show human occupation of these sites occurred during both warmer and cooler phases and during both high and low seasonality regimes, indicating that modernhuman populations were somewhat resilient to the resource uncertainty that would have accompanied these changing temperature and seasonality regimes. These paired cultural-environmental records have enabled an examinationof hominin-environment interactions during critical periods of the late Pleistocene in a region with comparatively few high-resolution climate records.

AB - Humans respond to changes in their local environment on daily to seasonal timescales. Therefore, a robust assessment of the impact of environmental change on human behaviour requires an understanding of local environmentalchange at seasonal to sub-seasonal resolution. Stable isotope records from mollusc shells provide one of the few sub-seasonally resolved palaeoenvironmental proxies in the Mediterranean. Obtaining these records frommolluscs that were consumed by people enables the reconstruction of a more detailed picture of how humans responded to changing climatic regimes in the past and ensures that the resulting palaeoenvironmental records aredirectly linked with human activity. Here we present sub-monthly resolved environmental reconstructions from stable isotope analyses of mollusc shells from the Upper Palaeolithic assemblages of the archaeological sites ofKsˇar Akil in Lebanon and Manot Cave in Israel. These highly resolved environmental records, coupled with well dated archaeological sequences provide a framework for assessing the complex interplay between early modernhumans and their local environments. We found evidence for fluctuating temperature, rainfall and seasonality regimes throughout marine isotope stages (MIS) 4 to 2, some of which appear to be linked to northern hemispheremillennial-scale climate oscillations. The archaeological records show human occupation of these sites occurred during both warmer and cooler phases and during both high and low seasonality regimes, indicating that modernhuman populations were somewhat resilient to the resource uncertainty that would have accompanied these changing temperature and seasonality regimes. These paired cultural-environmental records have enabled an examinationof hominin-environment interactions during critical periods of the late Pleistocene in a region with comparatively few high-resolution climate records.

M3 - Conference abstract in journal

VL - 20

SP - EGU2018-1110

JO - Geophysical Research Abstracts

JF - Geophysical Research Abstracts

SN - 1607-7962

T2 - EGU2018 European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018

Y2 - 8 April 2018 through 13 April 2018

ER -