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Marcello Mannino

Leprosy in medieval Denmark: Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach

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Standard

Leprosy in medieval Denmark : Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach. / Brozou, Anastasia; Fuller, Benjamin T.; Grimes, Vaughan; Lynnerup, Niels; Boldsen, Jesper L.; Jørkov, Marie Louise; Pedersen, Dorthe Dangvard; Olsen, Jesper; Mannino, Marcello A.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 176, No. 1, 09.2021, p. 36-53.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Brozou, A, Fuller, BT, Grimes, V, Lynnerup, N, Boldsen, JL, Jørkov, ML, Pedersen, DD, Olsen, J & Mannino, MA 2021, 'Leprosy in medieval Denmark: Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach', American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 176, no. 1, pp. 36-53. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24339

APA

Brozou, A., Fuller, B. T., Grimes, V., Lynnerup, N., Boldsen, J. L., Jørkov, M. L., Pedersen, D. D., Olsen, J., & Mannino, M. A. (2021). Leprosy in medieval Denmark: Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 176(1), 36-53. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24339

CBE

Brozou A, Fuller BT, Grimes V, Lynnerup N, Boldsen JL, Jørkov ML, Pedersen DD, Olsen J, Mannino MA. 2021. Leprosy in medieval Denmark: Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 176(1):36-53. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24339

MLA

Vancouver

Brozou A, Fuller BT, Grimes V, Lynnerup N, Boldsen JL, Jørkov ML et al. Leprosy in medieval Denmark: Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2021 Sep;176(1):36-53. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24339

Author

Brozou, Anastasia ; Fuller, Benjamin T. ; Grimes, Vaughan ; Lynnerup, Niels ; Boldsen, Jesper L. ; Jørkov, Marie Louise ; Pedersen, Dorthe Dangvard ; Olsen, Jesper ; Mannino, Marcello A. / Leprosy in medieval Denmark : Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2021 ; Vol. 176, No. 1. pp. 36-53.

Bibtex

@article{fdf400b1752e4fe09f151d3ae9d5dc37,
title = "Leprosy in medieval Denmark: Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach",
abstract = "Objectives: By focusing on two Danish leprosaria (N{\ae}stved and Odense; 13th–16th c. CE) and using diet and origin as proxies, we follow a multi-isotopic approach to reconstruct life histories of patients and investigate how leprosy affected both institutionalized individuals and the medieval Danish community as a whole. Materials and Methods: We combine archaeology, historical sources, biological anthropology, isotopic analyses (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S, 87Sr/86Sr) and radiocarbon dating, and further analyze bones with different turnover rates (ribs and long bones). Results: The δ13C, δ15N and δ34S results indicate a C3 terrestrial diet with small contributions of marine protein for leprosy patients and individuals from other medieval Danish sites. A similar diet is seen through time, between males and females, and patients with and without changes on facial bones. The isotopic comparison between ribs and long bones reveals no significant dietary change. The δ34S and 87Sr/86Sr results suggest that patients were local to the regions of the leprosaria. Moreover, the radiocarbon dates show a mere 50% agreement with the arm position dating method used in Denmark. Conclusions: A local origin for the leprosy patients is in line with historical evidence, unlike the small dietary contribution of marine protein. Although only 10% of the analyzed individuals have rib/long bone offsets that undoubtedly show a dietary shift, the data appear to reveal a pattern for 25 individuals (out of 50), with elevated δ13C and/or δ15N values in the ribs compared to the long bones, which points toward a communal type of diet and reveals organizational aspects of the institution.",
keywords = "bone turnover, diet, mobility, radiocarbon dating, stable isotopes, RATIOS, NORTHERN, STABLE CARBON, FRESH-WATER, BONE-COLLAGEN, EXTRACTION, DIET, PALAEODIETARY, NITROGEN, SR-87/SR-86",
author = "Anastasia Brozou and Fuller, {Benjamin T.} and Vaughan Grimes and Niels Lynnerup and Boldsen, {Jesper L.} and J{\o}rkov, {Marie Louise} and Pedersen, {Dorthe Dangvard} and Jesper Olsen and Mannino, {Marcello A.}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1002/ajpa.24339",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "36--53",
journal = "American Journal of Physical Anthropology",
issn = "0002-9483",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Leprosy in medieval Denmark

T2 - Exploring life histories through a multi-tissue and multi-isotopic approach

AU - Brozou, Anastasia

AU - Fuller, Benjamin T.

AU - Grimes, Vaughan

AU - Lynnerup, Niels

AU - Boldsen, Jesper L.

AU - Jørkov, Marie Louise

AU - Pedersen, Dorthe Dangvard

AU - Olsen, Jesper

AU - Mannino, Marcello A.

N1 - © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - Objectives: By focusing on two Danish leprosaria (Næstved and Odense; 13th–16th c. CE) and using diet and origin as proxies, we follow a multi-isotopic approach to reconstruct life histories of patients and investigate how leprosy affected both institutionalized individuals and the medieval Danish community as a whole. Materials and Methods: We combine archaeology, historical sources, biological anthropology, isotopic analyses (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S, 87Sr/86Sr) and radiocarbon dating, and further analyze bones with different turnover rates (ribs and long bones). Results: The δ13C, δ15N and δ34S results indicate a C3 terrestrial diet with small contributions of marine protein for leprosy patients and individuals from other medieval Danish sites. A similar diet is seen through time, between males and females, and patients with and without changes on facial bones. The isotopic comparison between ribs and long bones reveals no significant dietary change. The δ34S and 87Sr/86Sr results suggest that patients were local to the regions of the leprosaria. Moreover, the radiocarbon dates show a mere 50% agreement with the arm position dating method used in Denmark. Conclusions: A local origin for the leprosy patients is in line with historical evidence, unlike the small dietary contribution of marine protein. Although only 10% of the analyzed individuals have rib/long bone offsets that undoubtedly show a dietary shift, the data appear to reveal a pattern for 25 individuals (out of 50), with elevated δ13C and/or δ15N values in the ribs compared to the long bones, which points toward a communal type of diet and reveals organizational aspects of the institution.

AB - Objectives: By focusing on two Danish leprosaria (Næstved and Odense; 13th–16th c. CE) and using diet and origin as proxies, we follow a multi-isotopic approach to reconstruct life histories of patients and investigate how leprosy affected both institutionalized individuals and the medieval Danish community as a whole. Materials and Methods: We combine archaeology, historical sources, biological anthropology, isotopic analyses (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S, 87Sr/86Sr) and radiocarbon dating, and further analyze bones with different turnover rates (ribs and long bones). Results: The δ13C, δ15N and δ34S results indicate a C3 terrestrial diet with small contributions of marine protein for leprosy patients and individuals from other medieval Danish sites. A similar diet is seen through time, between males and females, and patients with and without changes on facial bones. The isotopic comparison between ribs and long bones reveals no significant dietary change. The δ34S and 87Sr/86Sr results suggest that patients were local to the regions of the leprosaria. Moreover, the radiocarbon dates show a mere 50% agreement with the arm position dating method used in Denmark. Conclusions: A local origin for the leprosy patients is in line with historical evidence, unlike the small dietary contribution of marine protein. Although only 10% of the analyzed individuals have rib/long bone offsets that undoubtedly show a dietary shift, the data appear to reveal a pattern for 25 individuals (out of 50), with elevated δ13C and/or δ15N values in the ribs compared to the long bones, which points toward a communal type of diet and reveals organizational aspects of the institution.

KW - bone turnover

KW - diet

KW - mobility

KW - radiocarbon dating

KW - stable isotopes

KW - RATIOS

KW - NORTHERN

KW - STABLE CARBON

KW - FRESH-WATER

KW - BONE-COLLAGEN

KW - EXTRACTION

KW - DIET

KW - PALAEODIETARY

KW - NITROGEN

KW - SR-87/SR-86

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85107330094&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajpa.24339

DO - 10.1002/ajpa.24339

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34096038

AN - SCOPUS:85107330094

VL - 176

SP - 36

EP - 53

JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

SN - 0002-9483

IS - 1

ER -

994 / i29