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Mads Kähler Holst

The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark

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Standard

The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark. / Mollerup, Lene; Tjellden, Anna Katarina Ejgreen; Hertz, Ejvind; Holst, Mads Kähler.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 10, 01.12.2016, p. 819-827.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Mollerup, L, Tjellden, AKE, Hertz, E & Holst, MK 2016, 'The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark', Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 10, pp. 819-827. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021

APA

Mollerup, L., Tjellden, A. K. E., Hertz, E., & Holst, M. K. (2016). The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 10, 819-827. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021

CBE

Mollerup L, Tjellden AKE, Hertz E, Holst MK. 2016. The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 10:819-827. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021

MLA

Vancouver

Mollerup L, Tjellden AKE, Hertz E, Holst MK. The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2016 Dec 1;10:819-827. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021

Author

Mollerup, Lene ; Tjellden, Anna Katarina Ejgreen ; Hertz, Ejvind ; Holst, Mads Kähler. / The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark. In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2016 ; Vol. 10. pp. 819-827.

Bibtex

@article{646b8d7258b44fe99b89d413612bd74f,
title = "The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark",
abstract = "Periods of exposure of corpses are a well-known phenomenon associated with battlefields and other conflict-related contexts involving numerous individuals. The identification and characterisation of these periods of exposure are often central to the interpretation of the sites. As such, damage to the bones may be a valuable source of information in this respect. The focus of this study is on estimating the exposure sequence of an Iron Age assemblage of 2335 human bones recovered from Alken Enge, Denmark, by examining the damage patterns caused by scavenging animals. The prehistoric deposition of these bones in the lake, in an anaerobic, non-corroding environment, has resulted in their preservation to an exceptional degree, allowing detailed taphonomic studies of the postmortem exposure interval prior to deposition. The anthropological analyses are supported by histological analysis of bone micromorphology. Patterns of animal damage on the Alken Enge bones are consistent with gnawing on proximal and distal ends of long bones and fresh breaks caused by large scavenging animals such as wolves and domestic dogs. The lack of rodent gnawing, fractures in dry and weathered bones and the absence of evidence for bacterial attack, together with the presence of framboidal pyrite, suggest that the bones were subjected to limited subaerial exposure, dismembered and partly defleshed before being deposited in the lake in prehistory.",
keywords = "Battlefield, Human deposition, Postmortem interval, Scavenging animals, Taphonomy",
author = "Lene Mollerup and Tjellden, {Anna Katarina Ejgreen} and Ejvind Hertz and Holst, {Mads K{\"a}hler}",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "819--827",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports",
issn = "2352-409X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The postmortem exposure interval of an Iron Age human bone assemblage from Alken Enge, Denmark

AU - Mollerup, Lene

AU - Tjellden, Anna Katarina Ejgreen

AU - Hertz, Ejvind

AU - Holst, Mads Kähler

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Periods of exposure of corpses are a well-known phenomenon associated with battlefields and other conflict-related contexts involving numerous individuals. The identification and characterisation of these periods of exposure are often central to the interpretation of the sites. As such, damage to the bones may be a valuable source of information in this respect. The focus of this study is on estimating the exposure sequence of an Iron Age assemblage of 2335 human bones recovered from Alken Enge, Denmark, by examining the damage patterns caused by scavenging animals. The prehistoric deposition of these bones in the lake, in an anaerobic, non-corroding environment, has resulted in their preservation to an exceptional degree, allowing detailed taphonomic studies of the postmortem exposure interval prior to deposition. The anthropological analyses are supported by histological analysis of bone micromorphology. Patterns of animal damage on the Alken Enge bones are consistent with gnawing on proximal and distal ends of long bones and fresh breaks caused by large scavenging animals such as wolves and domestic dogs. The lack of rodent gnawing, fractures in dry and weathered bones and the absence of evidence for bacterial attack, together with the presence of framboidal pyrite, suggest that the bones were subjected to limited subaerial exposure, dismembered and partly defleshed before being deposited in the lake in prehistory.

AB - Periods of exposure of corpses are a well-known phenomenon associated with battlefields and other conflict-related contexts involving numerous individuals. The identification and characterisation of these periods of exposure are often central to the interpretation of the sites. As such, damage to the bones may be a valuable source of information in this respect. The focus of this study is on estimating the exposure sequence of an Iron Age assemblage of 2335 human bones recovered from Alken Enge, Denmark, by examining the damage patterns caused by scavenging animals. The prehistoric deposition of these bones in the lake, in an anaerobic, non-corroding environment, has resulted in their preservation to an exceptional degree, allowing detailed taphonomic studies of the postmortem exposure interval prior to deposition. The anthropological analyses are supported by histological analysis of bone micromorphology. Patterns of animal damage on the Alken Enge bones are consistent with gnawing on proximal and distal ends of long bones and fresh breaks caused by large scavenging animals such as wolves and domestic dogs. The lack of rodent gnawing, fractures in dry and weathered bones and the absence of evidence for bacterial attack, together with the presence of framboidal pyrite, suggest that the bones were subjected to limited subaerial exposure, dismembered and partly defleshed before being deposited in the lake in prehistory.

KW - Battlefield

KW - Human deposition

KW - Postmortem interval

KW - Scavenging animals

KW - Taphonomy

U2 - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021

DO - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.021

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84977616712

VL - 10

SP - 819

EP - 827

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

SN - 2352-409X

ER -