Lise Lotte Hansen

Effect of the FSH receptor single nucleotide polymorphisms (FSHR 307/680) on the follicular fluid hormone profile and the granulosa cell gene expression in human small antral follicles

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  • Tanni Kjær Borgbo
  • J V Jeppesen, Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
  • I Lindgren, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Molecular Genetic Reproductive Medicine, Lund University, SE-20502, Malmö, Sweden., Sweden
  • Y Lundberg Giwercman, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Molecular Genetic Reproductive Medicine, Lund University, SE-20502, Malmö, Sweden., Sweden
  • Lise Lotte Hansen
  • C Yding Andersen, Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. yding@rh.dk, Denmark

The most pronounced effects of FSH signalling are potentially displayed in the follicle fluid, which acts as a reservoir for FSH-induced granulosa cell (GC) secreted hormones. This study investigates the effects of two common polymorphisms of FSHR, FSHR 307 (rs6165) and FSHR 680 (rs6166), by evaluating the hormone and gene expression profiles of human small antral follicles collected under physiological conditions in connection with fertility preservation. In total 69 women at various time during the menstrual cycle were included in this study. The intrafollicular hormone content of 179 follicular fluid samples and the gene expression levels of 85 GC samples were correlated to the genotype of both FSHR polymorphisms. The following parameters were evaluated: follicle diameter, levels of Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), progesterone, estradiol, testosterone and androstenedione and gene expression levels of FSHR, luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR), androgen receptor, aromatase cytochrome p450 (CYP19A1), AMH and AMH receptor II (AMHR2). There was 100% concordance between the FSHR 307 and the FSHR 680 genotypes: A/A (p.307Thr/Thr and p.680Asn/Asn), A/G (p.307Thr/Ala and p.680Asn/Ser) and G/G (p.307Ala/Ala and p.680Ser/Ser). Considering all follicles, compared with the other genotypes the G/G genotype was associated with significantly elevated gene expression levels for LHR, while AMHR2 gene expression levels were significantly reduced. In follicles 3-6 mm in diameter LHR gene expression was significantly increased, whereas AMH gene expression was significantly reduced for the G/G genotype. In follicles >6 mm, estradiol and CYP19A1 gene expression levels were significantly higher for the G/G genotype. In conclusion, significant changes were observed between the FSHR 307/680 polymorphisms in human small antral follicles collected under physiological FSH conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Human Reproduction
ISSN1360-9947
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2014

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