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Lisbeth Schmidt Laursen

Cell surface detachment of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A requires the formation of intermolecular proteinase-inhibitor disulfide bonds and glycosaminoglycan covalently bound to the inhibitor

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The metzincin metalloproteinase pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A, pappalysin-1) promotes cell growth by proteolytic cleavage of insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins 4 and 5, causing the release of bound insulin-like growth factors. PAPP-A binds an unknown cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan, suggesting that it controls insulin-like growth factor signaling spatially. In human pregnancy, the majority of PAPP-A circulates as a disulfide-bonded complex with its inhibitor, the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP). Interestingly, Ser-62 of proMBP is substituted with a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain, possibly a heparan sulfate type, and the PAPP-A.proMBP complex is unable to bind to the cell surface. We show here that proMBP detaches surface-bound PAPP-A in a process that depends on the proMBP GAG and also on the formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds between PAPP-A and proMBP. Unlike what was expected, we demonstrate that the GAG of proMBP is not required for PAPP-A.proMBP complex formation and that proMBP residues His-137, Ser-178, Arg-179, and Asn-181 are important for the recognition of PAPP-A. Using a mouse model, we find that the half-life of circulating PAPP-A and proMBP in complex is severalfold higher than both of the uncomplexed proteins, further suggesting that the PAPP-A.proMBP complex is formed at the cell surface in vivo rather than in the circulation. Further supporting this, we show that formation of the PAPP-A.proMBP complex at the cell surface proceeds rapidly compared with the slow rate of complex formation in solution. Because both PAPP-A and proMBP are expressed ubiquitously, this model may be applicable to many tissues in which insulin-like growth factor bioavailability is locally regulated.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Pages (from-to)1769-1778
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2007

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Cell Membrane, Disulfides, Female, Glycosaminoglycans, Heparitin Sulfate, Humans, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A, Protease Inhibitors, Somatomedins

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