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Leonardo Bonetti

On the Association Between Musical Training, Intelligence and Executive Functions in Adulthood

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On the Association Between Musical Training, Intelligence and Executive Functions in Adulthood. / Criscuolo, Antonio; Bonetti, Leonardo; Sarkamo, Teppo; Kliuchko, Marina; Brattico, Elvira.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10, 1704, 07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Criscuolo, Antonio ; Bonetti, Leonardo ; Sarkamo, Teppo ; Kliuchko, Marina ; Brattico, Elvira. / On the Association Between Musical Training, Intelligence and Executive Functions in Adulthood. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 10.

Bibtex

@article{27269e0b8fb744479188e27b0eec1fde,
title = "On the Association Between Musical Training, Intelligence and Executive Functions in Adulthood",
abstract = "Converging evidence has demonstrated that musical training is associated with improved perceptual and cognitive skills, including executive functions and general intelligence, particularly in childhood. In contrast, in adults the relationship between cognitive performance and musicianship is less clear and seems to be modulated by a number of background factors, such as personality and socio-economic status. Aiming to shed new light on this topic, we administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III (WAIS-III), the Wechsler Memory Scale III (WMS-III), and the Stroop Test to 101 Finnish healthy adults grouped according to their musical expertise (non-musicians, amateurs, and musicians). After being matched for socio-economic status, personality traits and other demographic variables, adult musicians exhibited higher cognitive performance than non-musicians in all the mentioned measures. Moreover, linear regression models showed significant positive relationships between executive functions (working memory and attention) and the duration of musical practice, even after controlling for intelligence and background variables, such as personality traits. Hence, our study offers further support for the association between cognitive abilities and musical training, even in adulthood.",
keywords = "musical training, cognition, intelligence quotient, working memory, attention, executive functions, COMPARING MUSICIANS, WORKING-MEMORY, BRAIN, LESSONS, PATTERNS, RESPONSES, SOUNDS, SKILLS, MODEL",
author = "Antonio Criscuolo and Leonardo Bonetti and Teppo Sarkamo and Marina Kliuchko and Elvira Brattico",
year = "2019",
month = jul,
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01704",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the Association Between Musical Training, Intelligence and Executive Functions in Adulthood

AU - Criscuolo, Antonio

AU - Bonetti, Leonardo

AU - Sarkamo, Teppo

AU - Kliuchko, Marina

AU - Brattico, Elvira

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Converging evidence has demonstrated that musical training is associated with improved perceptual and cognitive skills, including executive functions and general intelligence, particularly in childhood. In contrast, in adults the relationship between cognitive performance and musicianship is less clear and seems to be modulated by a number of background factors, such as personality and socio-economic status. Aiming to shed new light on this topic, we administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III (WAIS-III), the Wechsler Memory Scale III (WMS-III), and the Stroop Test to 101 Finnish healthy adults grouped according to their musical expertise (non-musicians, amateurs, and musicians). After being matched for socio-economic status, personality traits and other demographic variables, adult musicians exhibited higher cognitive performance than non-musicians in all the mentioned measures. Moreover, linear regression models showed significant positive relationships between executive functions (working memory and attention) and the duration of musical practice, even after controlling for intelligence and background variables, such as personality traits. Hence, our study offers further support for the association between cognitive abilities and musical training, even in adulthood.

AB - Converging evidence has demonstrated that musical training is associated with improved perceptual and cognitive skills, including executive functions and general intelligence, particularly in childhood. In contrast, in adults the relationship between cognitive performance and musicianship is less clear and seems to be modulated by a number of background factors, such as personality and socio-economic status. Aiming to shed new light on this topic, we administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III (WAIS-III), the Wechsler Memory Scale III (WMS-III), and the Stroop Test to 101 Finnish healthy adults grouped according to their musical expertise (non-musicians, amateurs, and musicians). After being matched for socio-economic status, personality traits and other demographic variables, adult musicians exhibited higher cognitive performance than non-musicians in all the mentioned measures. Moreover, linear regression models showed significant positive relationships between executive functions (working memory and attention) and the duration of musical practice, even after controlling for intelligence and background variables, such as personality traits. Hence, our study offers further support for the association between cognitive abilities and musical training, even in adulthood.

KW - musical training

KW - cognition

KW - intelligence quotient

KW - working memory

KW - attention

KW - executive functions

KW - COMPARING MUSICIANS

KW - WORKING-MEMORY

KW - BRAIN

KW - LESSONS

KW - PATTERNS

KW - RESPONSES

KW - SOUNDS

KW - SKILLS

KW - MODEL

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01704

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01704

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31417454

VL - 10

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 1704

ER -