Lene Bastrup

A web-based platform to accommodate symptoms of anxiety and depression by featuring social interaction and animated information in patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion: a randomized clinical trial

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BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients undergoing spine surgery have symptoms of anxiety and depression that correlate with pain, disability, and lower health-related quality of life. The use of web-based informative strategies before surgery and principles from cognitive behavioral therapy, have been applied in other patient groups, facilitating mobility and encouraging beneficial coping behavior. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a web-based Spine Platform featuring Interaction and Information by Animation (w-SPIINA) on symptoms of anxiety and depression, pain, disability, and health-related quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, two-arm, randomized controlled trial PATIENT SAMPLE: One hundred fourteen consecutive patients scheduled for instrumented lumbar spine fusion due to degenerative disc disease or spondylolisthesis. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was the change in self-reported Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores from baseline to 3-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes were change in HADS 1-day before surgery 2 days and 6 months after and changes in self-reported disability measured on the Oswestry disability index (ODI), quality of life (EQ-5D-5L questionnaire), and the low back pain rating scale (LBPRS) 2 days and 3 and 6 months after surgery. METHOD: Patients were randomized to either a control group receiving a standard information regimen or an intervention group gaining access to w-SPIINA in addition to the standard regimen. The independent charity Helsefonden contributed $45,000, the Health Research Fund of the Regional Hospital Central Jutland contributed $10,000, and the Toyota foundation contributed $10,000 to remunerate a dedicated investigator. The authors have no conflict of interest to declare. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference within the w-SPIINA group and the control group regarding changes in HADS at 3-month follow-up (p≥.37). Approximately 40% reached minimum clinically important difference (MCID) in the w-SPIINA group on the HADS at 3 months. In the control group 50% reached MCID on anxiety subscale and 35% on the depression subscale at 3 months. No statistically significant differences were found between groups with regard to the overall outcomes at any of the predefined time points. CONCLUSION: Providing patients with access to w-SPIINA in addition to a standard information regimen had no additional effect on HADS and patient-reported outcomes1 day before, 2 days, 3 or 6 months after surgery. However, a high compliance and degree of interaction with w-SPIINA indicates that this mode of web-based support could be applicable in this group of patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
Volume19
Issue5
Pages (from-to)827-839
Number of pages13
ISSN1529-9430
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • animation, anxiety, depression, information, lumbar spine fusion, randomized trial, web-based platform, Depression, Web-based platform, Information, Animation, Anxiety, Randomized trial, Lumbar spine fusion, SURGERY, LOW-BACK-PAIN, HOSPITAL ANXIETY, ONLINE, SUPPORT GROUPS, COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, IMPROVEMENT, REHABILITATION, SCALE, OSWESTRY DISABILITY INDEX

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