Lars Jørgen Østergaard

The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon

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The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon. / Krarup, A R; Abdel-Mohsen, M; Schleimann, M H; Vibholm, L; Engen, P A; Dige, A; Wittig, B; Schmidt, M; Green, S J; Naqib, A; Keshavarzian, A; Deng, X; Olesen, R; Petersen, A M; Benfield, T; Østergaard, L; Rasmussen, T A; Agnholt, J; Nyengaard, J R; Landay, A; Søgaard, O S; Pillai, S K; Tolstrup, M; Denton, P W.

In: Mucosal Immunology, Vol. 11, 2018, p. 449–461.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Krarup, AR, Abdel-Mohsen, M, Schleimann, MH, Vibholm, L, Engen, PA, Dige, A, Wittig, B, Schmidt, M, Green, SJ, Naqib, A, Keshavarzian, A, Deng, X, Olesen, R, Petersen, AM, Benfield, T, Østergaard, L, Rasmussen, TA, Agnholt, J, Nyengaard, JR, Landay, A, Søgaard, OS, Pillai, SK, Tolstrup, M & Denton, PW 2018, 'The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon', Mucosal Immunology, vol. 11, pp. 449–461. https://doi.org/10.1038/mi.2017.59

APA

Krarup, A. R., Abdel-Mohsen, M., Schleimann, M. H., Vibholm, L., Engen, P. A., Dige, A., Wittig, B., Schmidt, M., Green, S. J., Naqib, A., Keshavarzian, A., Deng, X., Olesen, R., Petersen, A. M., Benfield, T., Østergaard, L., Rasmussen, T. A., Agnholt, J., Nyengaard, J. R., ... Denton, P. W. (2018). The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon. Mucosal Immunology, 11, 449–461. https://doi.org/10.1038/mi.2017.59

CBE

Krarup AR, Abdel-Mohsen M, Schleimann MH, Vibholm L, Engen PA, Dige A, Wittig B, Schmidt M, Green SJ, Naqib A, Keshavarzian A, Deng X, Olesen R, Petersen AM, Benfield T, Østergaard L, Rasmussen TA, Agnholt J, Nyengaard JR, Landay A, Søgaard OS, Pillai SK, Tolstrup M, Denton PW. 2018. The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon. Mucosal Immunology. 11:449–461. https://doi.org/10.1038/mi.2017.59

MLA

Vancouver

Krarup AR, Abdel-Mohsen M, Schleimann MH, Vibholm L, Engen PA, Dige A et al. The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon. Mucosal Immunology. 2018;11:449–461. https://doi.org/10.1038/mi.2017.59

Author

Krarup, A R ; Abdel-Mohsen, M ; Schleimann, M H ; Vibholm, L ; Engen, P A ; Dige, A ; Wittig, B ; Schmidt, M ; Green, S J ; Naqib, A ; Keshavarzian, A ; Deng, X ; Olesen, R ; Petersen, A M ; Benfield, T ; Østergaard, L ; Rasmussen, T A ; Agnholt, J ; Nyengaard, J R ; Landay, A ; Søgaard, O S ; Pillai, S K ; Tolstrup, M ; Denton, P W. / The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon. In: Mucosal Immunology. 2018 ; Vol. 11. pp. 449–461.

Bibtex

@article{913564ab6f1f42d1a78ed0dcddbd7179,
title = "The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon",
abstract = "Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonists are being developed for treatment of colorectal and other cancers, yet the impact of these drugs on human intestines remains unknown. This, together with the fact that there are additional potential indications for TLR9 agonist therapy (e.g., autoimmune and infectious diseases), led us to investigate the impact of MGN1703 (Lefitolimod) on intestinal homeostasis and viral persistence in HIV-positive individuals. Colonic sigmoid biopsies were collected (baseline and week four) from 11 HIV+ individuals on suppressive antiretroviral therapy, who received MGN1703 (60 mg s.c.) twice weekly for 4 weeks in a single-arm, phase 1b/2a study. Within sigmoid mucosa, global transcriptomic analyses revealed 248 modulated genes (false discovery rate<0.05) including many type I interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes. MGN1703 increased the frequencies of cells exhibiting MX1 (P=0.001) and ISG15 (P=0.014) protein expression. No changes were observed in neutrophil infiltration (myeloperoxidase; P=0.97). No systematic effect on fecal microbiota structure was observed (analysis of similarity Global R=-0.105; P=0.929). TLR9 expression at baseline was inversely proportional to the change in integrated HIV DNA during MGN1703 treatment (P=0.020). In conclusion, MGN1703 induced a potent type I IFN response, without a concomitant general inflammatory response, in the intestines.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication, 02 August 2017; doi:10.1038/mi.2017.59.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Krarup, {A R} and M Abdel-Mohsen and Schleimann, {M H} and L Vibholm and Engen, {P A} and A Dige and B Wittig and M Schmidt and Green, {S J} and A Naqib and A Keshavarzian and X Deng and R Olesen and Petersen, {A M} and T Benfield and L {\O}stergaard and Rasmussen, {T A} and J Agnholt and Nyengaard, {J R} and A Landay and S{\o}gaard, {O S} and Pillai, {S K} and M Tolstrup and Denton, {P W}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1038/mi.2017.59",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "449–461",
journal = "Mucosal Immunology",
issn = "1933-0219",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon

AU - Krarup, A R

AU - Abdel-Mohsen, M

AU - Schleimann, M H

AU - Vibholm, L

AU - Engen, P A

AU - Dige, A

AU - Wittig, B

AU - Schmidt, M

AU - Green, S J

AU - Naqib, A

AU - Keshavarzian, A

AU - Deng, X

AU - Olesen, R

AU - Petersen, A M

AU - Benfield, T

AU - Østergaard, L

AU - Rasmussen, T A

AU - Agnholt, J

AU - Nyengaard, J R

AU - Landay, A

AU - Søgaard, O S

AU - Pillai, S K

AU - Tolstrup, M

AU - Denton, P W

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonists are being developed for treatment of colorectal and other cancers, yet the impact of these drugs on human intestines remains unknown. This, together with the fact that there are additional potential indications for TLR9 agonist therapy (e.g., autoimmune and infectious diseases), led us to investigate the impact of MGN1703 (Lefitolimod) on intestinal homeostasis and viral persistence in HIV-positive individuals. Colonic sigmoid biopsies were collected (baseline and week four) from 11 HIV+ individuals on suppressive antiretroviral therapy, who received MGN1703 (60 mg s.c.) twice weekly for 4 weeks in a single-arm, phase 1b/2a study. Within sigmoid mucosa, global transcriptomic analyses revealed 248 modulated genes (false discovery rate<0.05) including many type I interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes. MGN1703 increased the frequencies of cells exhibiting MX1 (P=0.001) and ISG15 (P=0.014) protein expression. No changes were observed in neutrophil infiltration (myeloperoxidase; P=0.97). No systematic effect on fecal microbiota structure was observed (analysis of similarity Global R=-0.105; P=0.929). TLR9 expression at baseline was inversely proportional to the change in integrated HIV DNA during MGN1703 treatment (P=0.020). In conclusion, MGN1703 induced a potent type I IFN response, without a concomitant general inflammatory response, in the intestines.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication, 02 August 2017; doi:10.1038/mi.2017.59.

AB - Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonists are being developed for treatment of colorectal and other cancers, yet the impact of these drugs on human intestines remains unknown. This, together with the fact that there are additional potential indications for TLR9 agonist therapy (e.g., autoimmune and infectious diseases), led us to investigate the impact of MGN1703 (Lefitolimod) on intestinal homeostasis and viral persistence in HIV-positive individuals. Colonic sigmoid biopsies were collected (baseline and week four) from 11 HIV+ individuals on suppressive antiretroviral therapy, who received MGN1703 (60 mg s.c.) twice weekly for 4 weeks in a single-arm, phase 1b/2a study. Within sigmoid mucosa, global transcriptomic analyses revealed 248 modulated genes (false discovery rate<0.05) including many type I interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes. MGN1703 increased the frequencies of cells exhibiting MX1 (P=0.001) and ISG15 (P=0.014) protein expression. No changes were observed in neutrophil infiltration (myeloperoxidase; P=0.97). No systematic effect on fecal microbiota structure was observed (analysis of similarity Global R=-0.105; P=0.929). TLR9 expression at baseline was inversely proportional to the change in integrated HIV DNA during MGN1703 treatment (P=0.020). In conclusion, MGN1703 induced a potent type I IFN response, without a concomitant general inflammatory response, in the intestines.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication, 02 August 2017; doi:10.1038/mi.2017.59.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1038/mi.2017.59

DO - 10.1038/mi.2017.59

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28766555

VL - 11

SP - 449

EP - 461

JO - Mucosal Immunology

JF - Mucosal Immunology

SN - 1933-0219

ER -