Lars Jørgen Østergaard

The histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat lowers biomarkers of cardiovascular risk and inflammation in HIV patients

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat on HIV-associated inflammation.

DESIGN: Sub-study of a single-arm, phase I/II clinical trial.

METHODS: HIV-infected adults on suppressive antiretroviral therapy received oral panobinostat 20 mg three times per week, every other week, for 8 weeks, that is, four cycles of treatment. Plasma levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, matrix metalloproteinase 9, soluble CD40 ligand and interleukin-6 were determined using human ELISA kits. Soluble endothelia selectin (E-selectin) was measured by a multiplex immunoassay. Total monocyte count, phenotype changes on monocytes and monocyte histone acetylation were analyzed using flow cytometry. Whole-genome expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was analyzed at baseline and on-panobinostat employing the Affymetrix Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 microarray assay. Changes from baseline were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank test. For the gene-expression analyses, fold-changes, P values and false detection rate were computed using TAC software.

RESULTS: Panobinostat treatment led to significant reductions in multiple established plasma markers of inflammation. Notably, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein decreased by a median of 58% during treatment and this change persisted for 4 weeks after treatment. Plasma levels of interleukin-6, matrix metalloproteinase 9, E-selectin and soluble CD40 ligand also significantly decreased on and/or postpanobinostat. Additionally, we observed a significant reduction in the proportions of intermediate monocytes and tissue factor-positive monocytes. This suppression of cardiovascular risk biomarkers was associated with a prominent reduction in the expression of genes related to inflammation and atherosclerosis.

CONCLUSION: Collectively, these data indicate that panobinostat may have therapeutic potential to target excess inflammation in HIV patients with high cardiovascular risk.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2015

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