Lars Jørgen Østergaard

Persistence of immunity in healthy adults aged >50 years primed with a hepatitis B vaccine 3 years previously

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  • Rajiv Sharma, Unknown
  • Clas Ahlm, Unknown
  • Lars Jørgen Østergaard
  • Anthony Dowell, Unknown
  • Clément Tran, Unknown
  • Stéphane Thomas, Unknown
  • Cécile Eymin, Unknown

Hepatitis B vaccines do not generate protective immune responses in older adults as effectively as they do in children and young adults. Improved formulations of existing vaccines may have the potential to improve this. This study investigated the persistence of serum antibodies against hepatitis B surface antigens (anti-HBs) 3.1-3.5 years following primary vaccination with 3 doses of HBvaxPRO(→) or Engerix B™ in healthy adults aged ≥50 years who were further challenged with 1 dose of recombinant hepatitis B antigen This was an open-label extension study. Individuals (N = 204) with a mean (standard deviation) age at enrollment of 63.7 (7.0) years receiving HBvaxPRO(→) or Engerix B(TM) in a randomized, double-blind primary study were challenged with 1 dose of HBvaxPRO(→) (10 μg). Anti-HBs were measured pre-and 30 days post-challenge. 45.5% (34.8, 56.4 [95% CI]) of individuals who received HBvaxPRO(→) in the per protocol set (PPS) had anti-HBs titers ≥10 mIU/mL pre-challenge and 85.2% (76.1, 91.9) 1-month post-challenge. In those who received Engerix B(TM) in the primary vaccination series, the results were 58.8% (48.6, 68.5) and 88.3% (80.5, 93.8), respectively. The challenge dose of HBvaxPRO(→) was generally well tolerated. Subjects aged ≥50 years receiving a challenge dose of HBvaxPRO(→) demonstrated immune memory against hepatitis B 3 years after a 3-dose primary. The safety profile of this challenge dose of HBvaxPRO(→) was consistent with the well-established safety profile of the vaccine HBvaxPRO(→).

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Pages (from-to)0
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2015

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