Lars Jørgen Østergaard

Dynamics of 103K/N and 184M/V HIV-1 drug resistant populations: relative comparison in plasma virus RNA versus CD45RO+T cell proviral DNA.

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  • The Department of Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Viral populations defined by 103K/N and 184M/V as linked or single mutations in the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase gene were investigated in plasma samples and compared with previous findings in the CD45RO(+)T cell compartment. OBJECTIVE: To develop an ARMS assay for plasma virions and to investigate the expression of resistance mutations (103N and 184V) and dynamic interactions between proviral DNA and plasma virions. STUDY DESIGN: A clinical cross-sectional study, including 11 patients on lamivudine efavirenz and/or nevirapine therapy. The viral populations were determined by an assay based on real-time PCR and amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS). RESULTS: The 103N and 184V mutations were not detected in patients with stable low viremia. Patients previously exposed to mono or dual therapy often carried minor viral populations of either one or both mutations in plasma. The viral population with linked mutations (103N and 184V) was detected in two patients after more than 2 years of non-NNRTI HAART. CONCLUSION: The ARMS assay is useful for detecting viral quasi-species containing efavirenz and lamivudine resistant mutations in plasma virions and in proviral DNA. Data suggest an unequal distribution of linked-mutation populations in plasma and CD45RO(+)T cells. Furthermore, the linked 103N-184V mutation may be more fit than the single 184V mutation and this linked population emerges rapidly under inadequate drug pressure.
Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jul
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume39
Issue3
Pages (from-to)215-21
Number of pages6
ISSN1386-6532
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Research areas

  • Anti-HIV Agents, Antigens, CD45, Benzoxazines, DNA, Viral, Drug Resistance, Viral, Drug Therapy, Combination, HIV Infections, HIV Reverse Transcriptase, HIV-1, Humans, Lamivudine, Mutation, Nevirapine, Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques, Proviruses, RNA, Viral, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, T-Lymphocytes, Viremia

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