Lars Jørgen Østergaard

Assessing factors for loss to follow-up of HIV infected patients in Guinea-Bissau

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Pernille Bejer Nordentoft
  • ,
  • Thomas Engell-Sørensen, Bandim Health Project, INDEPTH Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.
  • ,
  • Sanne Jespersen, Bandim Health Project, INDEPTH Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.
  • ,
  • Faustino Gomes Correia, National HIV Programme, Ministry of Health, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.
  • ,
  • Candida Medina, National HIV Programme, Ministry of Health, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.
  • ,
  • David da Silva Té, National HIV Programme, Ministry of Health, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.
  • ,
  • Lars Østergaard
  • Alex Lund Laursen
  • Christian Wejse
  • Bo Langhoff Hønge
  • Bissau HIV Cohort study group
  • ,
  • Christian Erikstrup (Member of author collaboration)

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to ascertain vital status of patients considered lost to follow-up at an HIV clinic in Guinea-Bissau, and describe reasons for loss to follow-up (LTFU).

METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional sample of a prospective cohort, carried out between May 15, 2013, and January 31, 2014. Patients lost to follow-up, who lived within the area of the Bandim Health Project, a demographic surveillance site (DSS), were eligible for inclusion. Active follow-up was attempted by telephone and tracing by a field assistant. Semi-structured interviews were done face to face or by phone by a field assistant and patients were asked why they had not shown up for the scheduled appointment. Patients were included by date of HIV testing and risk factors for LTFU were assessed using Cox proportional hazard model.

RESULTS: Among 561 patients (69.5 % HIV-1, 18.0 % HIV-2 and 12.6 % HIV-1/2) living within the DSS, 292 patients had been lost to follow-up and were, therefore, eligible for active follow-up. Vital status was ascertained in 65.9 % of eligible patients and 42.7 % were alive, while 23.2 % had died. Information on reasons for LTFU existed for 103 patients. Major reasons were moving (29.1 %), travelling (17.5 %), and transferring to other clinics (11.7 %).

CONCLUSION: A large proportion of the patients at the clinic were lost to follow-up. The main reason for this was found to be the geographic mobility of the population in Guinea-Bissau.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInfection: A Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume45
Issue2
Pages (from-to)187–197
Number of pages11
ISSN0300-8126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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