Lars Jørgen Østergaard

Altered fraction of regulatory B and T cells is correlated with autoimmune phenomena and splenomegaly in patients with CVID

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Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous primary immunodeficiency disease, leading to recurrent bacterial airway infections and often also autoimmune complications. To shed light on the regulatory lymphocytes from these patients, we analyzed the levels of regulatory B (pro-B10) cell and regulatory T (Treg) cell subpopulations in PBMCs from twenty-six patients diagnosed with CVID using multi-color flowcytometry. Pro-B10 cells were induced by 48h in vitro stimulation prior to analysis. Suppressor function was measured on a subset of patients with splenomegaly and autoimmune complications. The levels of regulatory B and T cells were correlated to clinical manifestations, including autoimmunity, splenomegaly and CVID EUROclass subgroups. We demonstrate a significant association between elevated levels of pro-B10 cells, decreased levels of Tregs and autoimmune phenomena in CVID patients. The finding of marked abnormalities in regulatory lymphocyte populations contribute to our understanding of the pathogenesis of CVID and potentially be valuable in the clinical management and treatment of patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Immunology
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2015

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