Department of Economics and Business Economics

Kathrine Agergård Kaspersen

A life course approach to understanding associations between natural environments and mental well-being for the Danish blood donor cohort

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A life course approach to understanding associations between natural environments and mental well-being for the Danish blood donor cohort. / Engemann, Kristine; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Arge, Lars; Brandt, Jørgen; Bruun, Mie T; Didriksen, Maria; Erikstrup, Christian; Geels, Camilla; Hertel, Ole; Horsdal, Henriette Thisted; Kaspersen, Kathrine A; Mikkelsen, Susan; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Nielsen, Kaspar R; Ostrowski, Sisse R; Pedersen, Ole B; Tsirogiannis, Constantinos; Sabel, Clive E; Sigsgaard, Torben; Ullum, Henrik; Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker.

In: Health & Place, Vol. 72, 102678, 11.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articlepeer-review

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@article{1369bb704c264397906185129dd8638e,
title = "A life course approach to understanding associations between natural environments and mental well-being for the Danish blood donor cohort",
abstract = "Natural environments have been associated with mental health benefits, but globally access to these benefits is threatened by urban development and densification. However, it remains unclear how natural environments relate to mental health and how consistent the association is across populations. Here we use a life-course approach with a population consisting of 66 194 individuals from the Danish Blood Donor Study (DBDS) to investigate the association between green and blue space (e.g. parks and lakes) and self-evaluated mental well-being. Green and blue space was identified from remotely-sensed images from the Landsat program, while mental well-being was based on the mental component score (MCS) calculated using the 12-item short form health survey. We use multivariate linear regression models and logistic regression models to quantify the associations. We adjust for additional environmental (urbanization, and air pollution) and lifestyle factors (smoking, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and physical activity) and specifically evaluate the role of physical activity and air pollution as possible mediating factors. We found a positive association between the MCS and current and childhood green space, and a non-significant association for current and childhood blue space. Adjusting for environmental and the other factors attenuated the effect sizes indicating that a broad range of factors determine mental well-being. Physical activity and air pollution were both associated with the MCS as possible mediators of green space associations. In addition, the odds for successfully completing tasks', seeing others, and feeling less downhearted increased with higher levels of green space, and the odds of feeling calm increased with higher levels of blue space. In conclusion, we found support for an association between green and, to less degree, blue space and mental well-being throughout different life stages. In addition, we found a positive association with individual indicators of mental well-being such as being productive, feeling less downhearted and calmer, and being social. The healthy blood donor effect and the bias towards urban residency may explain why we found smaller effect sizes between green and blue space and mental well-being for this generally healthy and resourceful cohort compared to previous studies.",
keywords = "Landscape, Life satisfaction, Mental health, Nature, Remote sensing",
author = "Kristine Engemann and Jens-Christian Svenning and Lars Arge and J{\o}rgen Brandt and Bruun, {Mie T} and Maria Didriksen and Christian Erikstrup and Camilla Geels and Ole Hertel and Horsdal, {Henriette Thisted} and Kaspersen, {Kathrine A} and Susan Mikkelsen and Mortensen, {Preben Bo} and Nielsen, {Kaspar R} and Ostrowski, {Sisse R} and Pedersen, {Ole B} and Constantinos Tsirogiannis and Sabel, {Clive E} and Torben Sigsgaard and Henrik Ullum and Pedersen, {Carsten B{\o}cker}",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102678",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
journal = "Health & Place",
issn = "1353-8292",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A life course approach to understanding associations between natural environments and mental well-being for the Danish blood donor cohort

AU - Engemann, Kristine

AU - Svenning, Jens-Christian

AU - Arge, Lars

AU - Brandt, Jørgen

AU - Bruun, Mie T

AU - Didriksen, Maria

AU - Erikstrup, Christian

AU - Geels, Camilla

AU - Hertel, Ole

AU - Horsdal, Henriette Thisted

AU - Kaspersen, Kathrine A

AU - Mikkelsen, Susan

AU - Mortensen, Preben Bo

AU - Nielsen, Kaspar R

AU - Ostrowski, Sisse R

AU - Pedersen, Ole B

AU - Tsirogiannis, Constantinos

AU - Sabel, Clive E

AU - Sigsgaard, Torben

AU - Ullum, Henrik

AU - Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - Natural environments have been associated with mental health benefits, but globally access to these benefits is threatened by urban development and densification. However, it remains unclear how natural environments relate to mental health and how consistent the association is across populations. Here we use a life-course approach with a population consisting of 66 194 individuals from the Danish Blood Donor Study (DBDS) to investigate the association between green and blue space (e.g. parks and lakes) and self-evaluated mental well-being. Green and blue space was identified from remotely-sensed images from the Landsat program, while mental well-being was based on the mental component score (MCS) calculated using the 12-item short form health survey. We use multivariate linear regression models and logistic regression models to quantify the associations. We adjust for additional environmental (urbanization, and air pollution) and lifestyle factors (smoking, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and physical activity) and specifically evaluate the role of physical activity and air pollution as possible mediating factors. We found a positive association between the MCS and current and childhood green space, and a non-significant association for current and childhood blue space. Adjusting for environmental and the other factors attenuated the effect sizes indicating that a broad range of factors determine mental well-being. Physical activity and air pollution were both associated with the MCS as possible mediators of green space associations. In addition, the odds for successfully completing tasks', seeing others, and feeling less downhearted increased with higher levels of green space, and the odds of feeling calm increased with higher levels of blue space. In conclusion, we found support for an association between green and, to less degree, blue space and mental well-being throughout different life stages. In addition, we found a positive association with individual indicators of mental well-being such as being productive, feeling less downhearted and calmer, and being social. The healthy blood donor effect and the bias towards urban residency may explain why we found smaller effect sizes between green and blue space and mental well-being for this generally healthy and resourceful cohort compared to previous studies.

AB - Natural environments have been associated with mental health benefits, but globally access to these benefits is threatened by urban development and densification. However, it remains unclear how natural environments relate to mental health and how consistent the association is across populations. Here we use a life-course approach with a population consisting of 66 194 individuals from the Danish Blood Donor Study (DBDS) to investigate the association between green and blue space (e.g. parks and lakes) and self-evaluated mental well-being. Green and blue space was identified from remotely-sensed images from the Landsat program, while mental well-being was based on the mental component score (MCS) calculated using the 12-item short form health survey. We use multivariate linear regression models and logistic regression models to quantify the associations. We adjust for additional environmental (urbanization, and air pollution) and lifestyle factors (smoking, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and physical activity) and specifically evaluate the role of physical activity and air pollution as possible mediating factors. We found a positive association between the MCS and current and childhood green space, and a non-significant association for current and childhood blue space. Adjusting for environmental and the other factors attenuated the effect sizes indicating that a broad range of factors determine mental well-being. Physical activity and air pollution were both associated with the MCS as possible mediators of green space associations. In addition, the odds for successfully completing tasks', seeing others, and feeling less downhearted increased with higher levels of green space, and the odds of feeling calm increased with higher levels of blue space. In conclusion, we found support for an association between green and, to less degree, blue space and mental well-being throughout different life stages. In addition, we found a positive association with individual indicators of mental well-being such as being productive, feeling less downhearted and calmer, and being social. The healthy blood donor effect and the bias towards urban residency may explain why we found smaller effect sizes between green and blue space and mental well-being for this generally healthy and resourceful cohort compared to previous studies.

KW - Landscape

KW - Life satisfaction

KW - Mental health

KW - Nature

KW - Remote sensing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85116118282&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102678

DO - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102678

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34610547

VL - 72

JO - Health & Place

JF - Health & Place

SN - 1353-8292

M1 - 102678

ER -